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22 mars 2008 6 22 /03 /mars /2008 22:19


Lorsque nous écrivions, vendredi 21, au sujet des oeuvres de ce triste sire, nous ignorions encore qu'il était "politiquement mort", depuis mercredi. La décision serait intervenue officiellement ce jour. Ce sera donc à titre posthume, la Patrie reconnaissante : les palmes diplomatiques. Et nos encouragements pour une nouvelle carrière d'éditorialiste à l'IRNA ou

dans un canard de la ligne officielle alaouite...


http://lessakele.over-blog.fr/article-17934692.html

 

PS : depuis, nous trouvons la mention suivante sur le site du forfait :

 

Site en travaux
Attention : un problème technique (serveur MySQL) empêche l'accès à cette partie du site. Merci de votre compréhension.


Un sous-préfet limogé pour une tribune violemment anti-israélienne

 

Le sous-préfet de Saintes a été révoqué par le ministère de l'Intérieur après la publication d'un texte sur Oumma.com

AFP

LIBERATION.FR : samedi 22 mars 2008

  

Le sous-préfet de Saintes (Charente-Maritime), Bruno Guigue, a été limogé après avoir publié une tribune "violemment anti-israélienne" sur le site internet "Oumma.com", a-t-on appris samedi auprès du ministère de l'Intérieur.

Dans une tribune publié le 13 mars, M. Guigue estime notamment qu'Israël est "le seul Etat au monde dont les +snipers+ abattent des fillettes à la sortie des écoles". Il ironise également sur les "geôles israéliennes, où grâce à la loi religieuse, on s'interrompt de torturer pendant Shabbat".

La ministre de l'Intérieur, Michèle Alliot-Marie, a "été mise au courant mercredi du contenu de cette tribune et a immédiatement décidé de mettre fin aux fonctions" de M. Guigue, a-t-on indiqué au ministère de l'Intérieur, sans fournir plus de précision.

Enarque, normalien, M. Guigue a publié plusieurs ouvrages, dont "Proche-Orient: la guerre des mots", et tribunes sur la situation proche-orientale.

 

 

http://www.liberation.fr/actualite/societe/317154.FR.php

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G
Ethics<br /> <br /> <br /> IDF Mission <br /> <br /> Main Doctrine <br /> <br /> <br /> The IDF Spirit<br /> <br /> The Israel Defense Forces are the state of Israel's military force. The IDF is subordinate to the directions of the democratic civilian authorities and the laws of the state. The goal of the IDF is to protect the existence of the State of Israel and her independence, and to thwart all enemy efforts to disrupt the normal way of life in Israel. IDF soldiers are obligated to fight, to dedicate all their strength and even sacrifice their lives in order to protect the State of Israel, her citizens and residents. IDF soldiers will operate according to the IDF values and orders, while adhering to the laws of the state and norms of human dignity, and honoring the values of the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state.<br /> <br /> Spirit of the IDF-Definition and Origins<br /> <br /> The Spirit of the IDF is the identity card of the IDF values, which should stand as the foundation of all of the activities of every IDF soldier, on regular or reserve duty. The Spirit of the IDF and the guidelines of operation resulting from it are the ethical code of the IDF. The Spirit of the IDF will be applied by the IDF, its soldiers, its officers, its units and corps to shape their mode of action. They will behave, educate and evaluate themselves and others according to the Spirit of the IDF.<br /> <br /> <br /> The Spirit of the IDF draws on four sources:<br /> <br /> * The tradition of the IDF and its military heritage as the Israel Defense Forces.<br /> * The tradition of the State of Israel, its democratic principles, laws and institutions.<br /> * The tradition of the Jewish People throughout their history.<br /> * Universal moral values based on the value and dignity of human life. <br /> <br /> <br /> Basic Values:<br /> <br /> Defense of the State, its Citizens and its Residents - The IDF's goal is to defend the existence of the State of Israel, its independence and the security of the citizens and residents of the state.<br /> <br /> Love of the Homeland and Loyalty to the Country - At the core of service in the IDF stand the love of the homeland and the commitment and devotion to the State of Israel-a democratic state that serves as a national home for the Jewish People-its citizens and residents.<br /> <br /> Human Dignity - The IDF and its soldiers are obligated to protect human dignity. Every human being is of value regardless of his or her origin, religion, nationality, gender, status or position.<br /> <br /> <br /> The Values:<br /> <br /> Tenacity of Purpose in Performing Missions and Drive to Victory - The IDF servicemen and women will fight and conduct themselves with courage in the face of all dangers and obstacles; They will persevere in their missions resolutely and thoughtfully even to the point of endangering their lives.<br /> <br /> Responsibility - The IDF serviceman or woman will see themselves as active participants in the defense of the state, its citizens and residents. They will carry out their duties at all times with initiative, involvement and diligence with common sense and within the framework of their authority, while prepared to bear responsibility for their conduct.<br /> <br /> Credibility - The IDF servicemen and women shall present things objectively, completely and precisely, in planning, performing and reporting. They will act in such a manner that their peers and commanders can rely upon them in performing their tasks.<br /> <br /> Personal Example - The IDF servicemen and women will comport themselves as required of them, and will demand of themselves as they demand of others, out of recognition of their ability and responsibility within the military and without to serve as a deserving role model.<br /> <br /> Human Life - The IDF servicemen and women will act in a judicious and safe manner in all they do, out of recognition of the supreme value of human life. During combat they will endanger themselves and their comrades only to the extent required to carry out their mission.<br /> <br /> Purity of Arms - The IDF servicemen and women will use their weapons and force only for the purpose of their mission, only to the necessary extent and will maintain their humanity even during combat. IDF soldiers will not use their weapons and force to harm human beings who are not combatants or prisoners of war, and will do all in their power to avoid causing harm to their lives, bodies, dignity and property.<br /> <br /> Professionalism - The IDF servicemen and women will acquire the professional knowledge and skills required to perform their tasks, and will implement them while striving continuously to perfect their personal and collective achievements.<br /> <br /> Discipline - The IDF servicemen and women will strive to the best of their ability to fully and successfully complete all that is required of them according to orders and their spirit. IDF soldiers will be meticulous in giving only lawful orders, and shall refrain from obeying blatantly illegal orders.<br /> <br /> Comradeship - The IDF servicemen and women will act out of fraternity and devotion to their comrades, and will always go to their assistance when they need their help or depend on them, despite any danger or difficulty, even to the point of risking their lives.<br /> <br /> Sense of Mission - The IDF soldiers view their service in the IDF as a mission; They will be ready to give their all in order to defend the state, its citizens and residents. This is due to the fact that they are representatives of the IDF who act on the basis and in the framework of the authority given to them in accordance with IDF orders.
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G
Je me souviens fort bien de cette dérive mentionnée par Karim. Dans un premier temps, l'officier avait effectivement acquitté, d'une part, du fait de la tension qui régnait à l'époque, où, rappelons-le, des enfants sont utilisés par les terroristes pour transporter des charges explosives. Mais, dans cas précis, l'officier était fortement décrié par les soldats sous ses ordres et "l'omerta" avait finie par sauter : plusieurs soldats avaient ensuite témoigné contre cet officier qui avait largement outrepassé les consignes, et avait ensuite été limogé par sa hiérarchie. Des archives sur cet évènement doivent être consultables, notamment auprès de Guysen ou encore du porte-parole de Tsahal<br /> <br /> Vol. 3, No. 8 19 November 2003<br /> <br /> <br /> Balancing IDF Checkpoints and International Law:<br /> Teaching the IDF Code of Conduct<br /> Lt. Col. Amos Guiora<br /> Commander of the IDF School of Military Law<br /> <br /> <br /> *<br /> <br /> The IDF has decided to teach commanders about international law in order to enable them to more effectively carry out their missions.<br /> *<br /> <br /> The IDF has developed a code of conduct that is a combination of international law, Israeli law, and the IDF's own traditional ethical code - ruach tzahal, "the spirit of the IDF."<br /> *<br /> <br /> The IDF has developed simulated educational computer programming. In one scenario, a 19-year-old soldier has been given intelligence information on a terrorist bomber traveling in an ambulance. An ambulance arrives at his checkpoint with a seemingly pregnant woman. If he lets in the terrorist, innocent civilians will be hurt. But if he delays the wrong ambulance, he endangers the woman and her child.<br /> *<br /> <br /> The IDF is teaching very complicated issues and presenting complex dilemmas in a user-friendly fashion to help its soldiers better understand the issues they must deal with on a daily basis.<br /> <br /> <br /> The IDF School of Military Law<br /> <br /> The IDF School of Military Law was established seven years ago by then-Chief of Staff Ehud Barak and the former judge advocate-generals. It was based on the American model of the U.S. Army School of Military Law located in Charlottesville, Virginia. Over the past year and a half, the school has changed its emphasis in order to teach commanders about military law, criminal law, and international law, using innovative computer software to teach thousands of IDF commanders and soldiers out in the field. The school is also responsible for teaching IDF attorneys and judge-advocates. From my perspective and from the perspective of the IDF judge advocate-general (JAG), Brigadier General Menahem Finkelstein, it serves as a link between the legal corps, the JAG, and the commanders.<br /> <br /> According to the Geneva Convention, the IDF must teach international law. But in addition, the IDF has decided to teach commanders about international law in order to enable them to more effectively carry out their missions. The purpose is not to prepare them for a Ph.D. in international law, but there are basic things that he or she must understand. The initiative to do so came from commanders who believe that hearing the legal perspective in a user-friendly fashion is something that helps their soldiers and junior commanders.<br /> <br /> The IDF Code of Conduct<br /> <br /> The IDF has developed a code of conduct that is a combination of international law, Israeli law, and the IDF's own traditional ethical code - ruach tzahal, "the spirit of the IDF." Reserve units and regular units alike are taught the following eleven rules of conduct:<br /> <br /> 1. Military action can only be taken against military targets.<br /> 2. The use of force must be proportional.<br /> 3. Soldiers may only use weaponry they were issued by the IDF.<br /> 4. Anyone who surrenders cannot be attacked.<br /> 5. Only those who are properly trained can interrogate prisoners.<br /> 6. Soldiers must accord dignity and respect to the Palestinian population and those arrested.<br /> 7. Soldiers must give appropriate medical care, when conditions allow, to oneself and one's enemy.<br /> 8. Pillaging is absolutely and totally illegal.<br /> 9. Soldiers must show proper respect for religious and cultural sites and artifacts.<br /> 10. Soldiers must protect international aid workers, including their property and vehicles.<br /> 11. Soldiers must report all violations of this code. <br /> <br /> Picture a 19-year-old soldier commanding a checkpoint. He has two or three other soldiers with him and there is a long line of cars waiting to get through. According to intelligence information he has been given, an ambulance is expected to arrive with a wanted terrorist in it carrying an explosive belt for a suicide attack against innocent Israeli civilians. Suddenly an ambulance arrives, and inside is a woman who is seemingly pregnant. It has happened at checkpoints that not everybody who appears to be pregnant is truly pregnant. The woman appears to be in pain and her husband is also highly anxious. But the soldier has been warned of an ambulance bearing a pregnant woman who is not really pregnant and that underneath the stretcher in the ambulance is a terrorist. It is a hot day and there is a long line of cars. His commanders are yelling at him on the two-way radio, "Do not let ambulances go through because there is a terrorist in an ambulance!" To complicate the picture, a news video crew is present.<br /> <br /> The soldier has to make an incredible number of decisions in a very short time. First of all, he's 19, he's not a physician, and he is probably not even a medic. He knows that if he lets the ambulance go through and it contains a terrorist, then innocent people will die and he will have failed in his mission. On the other hand, if there is not a terrorist in this particular ambulance but rather a truly pregnant woman and she is delayed, the fetus may die. This has also happened.<br /> <br /> Educational Computer Software Simulations<br /> <br /> The software we have developed is oriented toward the junior commanders and line soldiers who have to make these decisions in real life. Practically every soldier can be reached through this software as more and more units have their own laptop computers, enabling each junior commander to view the six simulations. The dilemmas presented are all based on real life events, such as the ambulance.<br /> <br /> The software program begins with the 11 rules of conduct. Each rule is matched with a relevant Hollywood movie clip, followed by an animation. Then come the six simulations, followed by a series of questions to be answered in a way that reflects the 11 rules of conduct. It takes an hour and a half for a soldier to make his way through the entire program. Some 95-97 percent of those who have used the software asked for additional information and read it.<br /> <br /> From an educational-instructional perspective, the response is tremendous right from the beginning, with the audience hooked on the opening 2-3 minute movie clip from the Hollywood movie Platoon. The point of the movie is obviously what not to do and the need to treat the Palestinian civilian population in a humane and dignified fashion. We stress that if you don't treat the Palestinian civilian population according to these rules of conduct, they will go from being innocent civilians to terrorists.<br /> <br /> Another film clip shows Mel Gibson in The Year of Living Dangerously, which takes place in Indonesia in 1965. Gibson, portraying a reporter, gets hit over the head by Indonesian forces. We are showing in this movie how not to behave toward the media. We teach that the media has a job to do and we cannot interfere in their work.<br /> <br /> There is a clip from The English Patient showing a makeshift field hospital which was bombed, a violation of international law. Soldiers are instructed to respect and protect all persons and property bearing the emblems of the Red Cross, Red Crescent, UN, and all other symbols of international relief organizations.<br /> <br /> In the ambulance scenario, once the roadblock commander decides that this ambulance is not the relevant ambulance, and that the woman is truly pregnant and about to give birth, he lets the ambulance through and we wish her well. If, on the other hand, there is a suicide bomber with a belt in the ambulance, the commander is going to have to very gingerly take the would-be suicide bomber off the ambulance and somehow disengage him from his belt, without causing harm to his soldiers. I cannot think of a more complicated and complex military operation which is not only military in nature. It is a combination of military and civilian, with international legal overtones.<br /> <br /> Another simulation has a sniper inside a hospital shooting at an IDF unit. This happens all the time. Is the commander allowed to go into the hospital to get the sniper? There are sick, there are wounded, there are people being operated on in the hospital while the sniper is shooting. The answer is yes, he can go into the hospital, but he must give advance warning.<br /> <br /> The software was developed in close cooperation with IDF commanders in the field to insure the development of a tool that will help the commanders. As a result, the IDF is able to teach very complicated issues and present complex dilemmas in a user-friendly fashion, to help its soldiers better understand the issues they must deal with on a daily basis.<br /> * * *
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K
http://www.amnestyinternational.be/doc/article7893.html<br /> En novembre, le commandant d’une compagnie de l’armée israélienne a été acquitté de tous les chefs d’accusation concernant l’homicide d’Iman al Hams. Cette adolescente de treize ans avait été abattue par des soldats israéliens en octobre 2004 à Rafah, dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, alors qu’elle passait à proximité d’une tour fortifiée de l’armée israélienne érigée en face de son école. Selon un enregistrement des transmissions de l’armée, le commandant avait affirmé que « tout ce qui bouge, se déplace, dans la zone, même un enfant de trois ans, doit être tué ». Le chef d’accusation d’homicide n’a pas été retenu contre le commandant ni contre aucun autre soldat, le tribunal ayant considéré que l’officier supérieur n’avait pas enfreint les règlements relatifs à l’utilisation des armes à feu. Le tribunal s’est limité à la question de savoir s’il avait eu un comportement inconvenant en tirant à plusieurs reprises sur l’enfant alors qu’elle était blessée ou déjà morte.
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  • : Lessakele : déjouer les pièges de l'actualité Lessakele, verbe hébraïque qui signifie "déjouer" est un blog de commentaire libre d'une actualité disparate, visant à taquiner l'indépendance et l'esprit critique du lecteur et à lui prêter quelques clés de décrytage personnalisées.
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Magie de la langue hébraïque


A tous nos chers lecteurs.

 

Ne vous est-il jamais venu à l'esprit d'en savoir un peu plus sur le titre de ce blog ?

Puisque nous nous sommes aujourd'hui habillés de bleu, il conviendrait de rentrer plus a fond dans l'explication du mot lessakel.

En fait Lessakel n'est que la façon française de dire le mot léhasskil.

L'hébreu est une langue qui fonctionne en déclinant des racines.

Racines, bilitères, trilitères et quadrilitères.

La majorité d'entre elle sont trilitères.

Aussi Si Gad a souhaité appeler son site Lessakel, c'est parce qu'il souhaitait rendre hommage à l'intelligence.

Celle qui nous est demandée chaque jour.

La racine de l'intelligence est sé'hel שכל qui signifie l'intelligence pure.

De cette racine découlent plusieurs mots

Sé'hel > intelligence, esprit, raison, bon sens, prudence, mais aussi croiser

Léhasskil > Etre intelligent, cultivé, déjouer les pièges

Sé'hli > intelligent, mental, spirituel

Léhistakel > agir prudemment, être retenu et raisonnable, chercher à comprendre

Si'hloute > appréhension et compréhension

Haskala >  Instruction, culture, éducation

Lessa'hlen > rationaliser, intellectualiser

Heschkel > moralité

Si'htanout > rationalisme

Si'hloul > Amélioration, perfectionnement

 

Gageons que ce site puisse nous apporter quelques lumières.

Aschkel pour Lessakel.

 

 

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