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18 mars 2009 3 18 /03 /mars /2009 13:50
42 "Jericho" sur l’Iran

israel-infos.net

mercredi 18 mars 2009

Un rapport publié par le Centre des études stratégiques et internationales de Washington, affirme que 42 missiles balistiques israéliens de type "Jericho", dotés de têtes conventionnelles, seraient à même de détruire ou de porter un coup fatal aux installations nucléaires iraniennes, et de « libérer » l’Etat hébreu des contraintes liées à une attaque aérienne.

Selon Abdullah Toukan, le chercheur responsable de ce rapport de 114 pages, les missiles Jéricho III sont capables d’une précision suffisante pour atteindre les cibles visées, et leur efficacité est autrement plus redoutable que celle pouvant être obtenue par une attaque aérienne. 42 de ces fusées équipées de bombes de 750 kg « sont susceptibles de frapper durement voire de détruire totalement les installation d’Ispahan, Natanz et Arak ».

Les experts israéliens estiment pour leur part que le risque d’une riposte effective à l’aide de la centaine de missiles Shihab déployés par l’Iran, est réduit, une grande majorité de ceux-ci pouvant être détruits en vol par l’antimissile H’ets.

Cette option israélienne pourrait toutefois être sérieusement compromise si l’Iran aboutissait dans ses efforts incessants de se doter des S-300 soviétiques, leur permettant de rendre leur espace aérien très difficile à percer.

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Which Way Will the Wind Blow From Damascus?
OLIVIER GUITTA, Middle East Times, March 16, 2009


Syrian President Bashar Assad has become the hottest ticket in the world, from Washington to Paris and from Riyadh to Cairo. Everybody wants to meet him, be seen with him and get on his good side. That is an amazing turnaround from three years ago where he was shunned and viewed as a pariah. Syria has suddenly become the key to solving the insoluble problems of the Middle East. And in a way it is true, but the question remains: what does Assad really intend to do and ask for?

The Syrian president has been testing the waters for a few months now regarding a rapprochement with the West. It started with France and French President Nicolas Sarkozy's active overture to Damascus, due in part to the constant advice and friendly pressure from Qatar. This French diplomatic move was not well viewed at the time by the George W. Bush administration because since 2004, France and the United States had worked hand in hand in isolating Assad. Assad knew quite well that the new incoming Barack Obama administration would be very much inclined to reach out. Which it did very recently by sending two emissaries to visit Assad in Damascus.

The thinking is that Syria is the weakest link to getting at Iran and if a wedge could be driven between the two countries, then it would be much easier to pressure Tehran and decrease the mullah's leverage on the international community.

In fact, by getting Syria to switch camps, Hezbollah and Hamas, Tehran's two most powerful proxies would be dramatically weakened.

But easier said than done, Damascus is not ready to give up its alliance with Tehran. Most probably Assad knows he has the upper hand in negotiations. He will likely have extensive demands, such as the end of U.S. sanctions, the withdrawal of Syria from the U.S. State Department list of countries supporting terrorism, the Israeli evacuation of the Golan and financial aid to make up for the loss of Tehran's help.

All these listed potential demands are in the realm of the possible, but what Assad really wants more than anything is to get the international tribunal investigating the murder of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri off his back. Indeed, the investigation from the start has pointed out the responsibility of Damascus in the attack, potentially involving very high-ranking members of Assad's entourage and most prominently Syria's powerful former head of the Security services and Assad's own brother-in-law, Asaf Shawkate.

After a five-year investigation, the special tribunal located in The Hague finally saw the day on March 1, though it is unlikely that proceedings will start overnight. Some believe that the court is unlikely to start proceedings before two to three years.

Nonetheless, troubling news coming from the Netherlands is boding ill for things to come. According to the Swiss daily Le Temps, citing a Dutch security source, some individuals that were taking pictures of a village near The Hague where the tribunal is located, belong to the Hezbollah, the pro-Iranian and pro-Syrian Shiite militia. Also three "incidents" (no more precisions were given) have been recorded by Dutch authorities.

Assad is definitely feeling the heat of the tribunal. During a recent interview by the Emirati daily Al-Khaleej, when asked about the tribunal, Assad reportedly warned that if the tribunal is politicized then "Lebanon will be the first to pay the price." A warning that must have sent shivers down the spines of most Lebanese politicians from the March 14 majority.

History has shown - though it remains to be proven in a court of law - that Syria has the capacity of upsetting the apple cart in Lebanon. Several Lebanese politicians, as well as U.S. officials have accused Syria of being behind a spate of political assassinations in Lebanon.

Assad also hinted that regardless the outcome of next June's parliamentary elections in Lebanon, he nevertheless expected a status quo, meaning that Hezbollah would retain its right to veto on any government decision.

One of the dangers facing Lebanon is if Assad includes it as part of his negotiation package. John Kerry said after his visits to Damascus and Beirut a few weeks ago that the United States would stand by Lebanon. Hopefully that is a statement the Lebanese can take to the bank. But just how solvent are the banks these days remains to be seen.



Olivier Guitta is an adjunct fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies and a foreign affairs and counterterrorism consultant. You can read his latest work at www.thecroissant.com/about.html
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http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1072007.html
Russia signs deal to supply Iran with air-defense missiles
The Associated Press, 18 March 2009


Russian news agencies say a top defense official has confirmed that Russia has signed a contract to sell S-300 air-defense missiles to Iran but that none of the weapons have been delivered.

Russian officials have consistently denied claims that it already has provided some of the powerful missiles to Iran and had not clarified whether a contract existed.

The state-run ITAR-Tass and RIA-Novosti news agencies and the independent Interfax quoted an unnamed top official in the Federal Military-Technical Cooperation Service as saying Wednesday the contract had been signed two years ago.
Service spokesman Andrei Tarabrin told The Associated Press he could not immediately comment.

Supplying the S-300s to Iran would markedly change the military balance in the Middle East.
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http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=defense&id=news/GAZA031109.xml&headline=New%20Tactics%20Yield%20Solid%20Victory%20in%20Gaza
New Tactics Yield Solid Victory in Gaza
By David Eshel, 11 March 2009


Since the inconclusive Second Lebanon War of 2006, the Israeli army has been developing tactics and adding equipment and capabilities to fight more effectively in asymmetric conflicts. The recent success of “Operation Cast Lead” in the densely populated Gaza Strip shows that an industrial military that coordinates operations among land, air and sea units, makes effective use of advanced technology, and shares intelligence and leads from the front can decisively defeat an asymmetric enemy.

In this 22-day battle (Dec. 27, 2008-Jan. 18) the asymmetric enemy was, of course, Hamas, a militant group of fundamentalists that controls the Gaza Strip and has been launching crude but deadly rockets into Israel for years. Israel’s stated goal was to stop the rocket offensive. Before it could do that, forces had to fight decisively on urban battlefields that were full of traps.

Since taking over Gaza two years ago, Hamas has turned the area into a fortress. Weapon and ammunition depots were everywhere—even in mosques. Israeli intelligence pinpointed more than six mosques in Gaza City that were ar­senals, a fact confirmed by huge secondary explosions after they were attacked.

Underground shelters, some built into fortified but occupied homes, were used to hide hundreds of rockets that Hamas planned to launch against Israel. Almost every apartment building in the suburbs was boobytrapped or held arms caches rigged to be set off by explosives if Israeli soldiers entered. Many streets and alleyways concealed a labyrinth of bunkers and tunnels, also boobytrapped.

Israel used a variety of tactics to outflank and defeat Hamas in its own territory. These included long-term planning, meticulous intelligence-gathering, deception and disinformation. Although the attack had been prepared for weeks, operational security and a well-planned deception campaign took Hamas by surprise when it finally happened, despite Israel’s repeated warnings that the rocket attacks would trigger a war.

Operation Cast Lead began with devastating air strikes. The Israel Air Force (IAF) hammered targets in the Gaza Strip with jets and helicopters.

Prime targets were the Rafah tunnels under the Egyptian border, through which Hamas smuggled weapons and money, much of it from Iran (DTI February, p. 43). The IAF used sophisticated weapons including earth-penetrating bombs to destroy the “tunnel city.”

Among those weapons was the new PB500A1 from Israel Military Industries, a laser-guided hard-target penetration bomb based on the 1,000-lb. Mk-83 “dumb” bomb. It is reportedly capable of penetrating 2 meters (6.5 ft.) of reinforced concrete. Unconfirmed reports claim the IAF used Boeing’s GBU-39 small-diameter bomb for the first time. High-precision weapons were also deployed throughout the battle to destroy bunkers and weapon depots.

Following a week of precision bombing, the ground campaign opened with three infantry brigade task forces simultaneously entering the Gaza Strip from several directions. Four brigade commanders, all colonels, fought on the front lines with their troops throughout the two-week ground offensive in the northern Gaza Strip: Herzi Levy of the paratroopers brigade; Avi Peled of the Golani brigade; Ilan Malka of the Givati brigade; and Yigal Slovick of the 401st armored brigade.

The infantry brigades approached their objectives from unexpected directions, avoiding previously used routes in which Hamas created boobytrapped bunkers and tunnels. Slovick’s armored brigade, fielding the latest Merkava Mk4 main battle tank, raced unopposed to block access from Rafah and Khan Yunis to Gaza City, cutting supply lines to Hamas from the south.

Cast Lead was the first Israel Defense Forces (IDF) operation in which unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), helicopters and fighter jets were allocated to ground forces directly without IAF central command authorizing sorties. This went even further, with air-support controller teams operating alongside brigade commanders at the front, passing along whatever surveillance data from UAVs and other assets they needed.

Each brigade combat team was assigned a UAV squadron for close support, with ground-control operators at forward headquarters calling in air strikes from standby attack helicopters and, if necessary, identifying targets to fixed-wing assets cruising over the combat zone. Aerial surveillance from Heron and Hermes 450 UAVs and Apache attack helicopters provided an unprecedented level of real-time close air support in response to time-critical targets. A high degree of situational awareness was achieved by maintaining at least a dozen UAVs in flight over Gaza at all times. These aircraft saved the lives of Israeli soldiers and civilians by detecting Hamas ambushes and rocket launch sites and directing aircraft, tanks and artillery to the targets.

Another first that reduced casualties was the unprecedented level of interservice cooperation between IDF land forces and Israel’s internal security agency (ISA). This was evident in command posts as well as on the battlefield. ISA operatives attached to forward units assisted in gathering information and intelligence from the field and rapidly turning it into targeting data for strikes against time-critical targets.

Precision attacks were initiated by aircraft, ground elements like snipers and tanks and by Spike LR (long-range) antiarmor missiles modified with antistructure warheads. Using UAVs and sophisticated electronics, the fusion of intelligence-gathering capabilities was able to pinpoint explosive caches and boobytraps and provide troops with real-time intelligence.

This cooperation substantially shortened the sensor-to-shooter cycle. During Operation Cast Lead, intelligence sources say that F-15 and F-16 aircraft could identify and fire air-to-ground missiles within 30 sec. of data transmission to take out fleeing targets.

The Israeli navy attacked Hamas coastal targets and boats. Records of the attacks published by the navy indicate that for the first time vessels are equipped with Rafael’s Spike ER electro-optically guided missiles. Two of these were shown on Israeli TV. The Spike ER missiles, with a range of 8 km. (5 mi.), have been fired from helicopters, land vehicles and ground positions, and are now employed on gunboats, most likely Super Dvora fast-attack craft with Rafael’s Typhoon stabilized gun mount. Videos of an attack showed precision hits from the boat’s Typhoon gun despite a rolling sea.

The army anticipated high casualties in attacks on the fortified refugee camps. To deal with this, a senior medical officer says the IDF reduced the aerial evacuation time of wounded soldiers from the Gaza Strip by more than 50% from the Second Lebanon War, to 45 min. on average. In many cases evacuation was done under fire, with helicopter pilots landing within combat zones. The IDF medical corps has been using new state-of-the-art equipment to treat wounds. One device added to field units is QuikClot Combat Gauze from Z-Medica Corp. of Wallingford, Conn., which uses a hemostatic coagulant to stop bleeding.

One life-saving element was the elite Yahalom (diamond) combat engineering unit, which faced a challenging task in defeating efforts by Hamas to capture Israeli soldiers. Hamas dug tunnels in boobytrapped houses to kidnap soldiers for use as bargaining chips. Yahalom soldiers were dispersed throughout the brigades and battalions and armed with new equipment and weapons that received their first operational use during the fighting. These included miniature robots like Elbit Systems’ VIPeR, and wall-breaching munitions like Simon and Matador, which became indispensable for troops fighting through booby-trapped buildings (DTI February, p. 8).

Retired general and Knesset member Yizhak Ben Israel says the operation was so successful that it could become part of the historic memory of Middle East nations for years. The IDF not only restored its deterrence vis-a-vis Hamas, Ben Israel says, but against other enemies such as Hezbollah and the Iran-Syria axis.

While sporadic rocket fire continues from Gaza, leaders of Hamas —and Hezbollah— will have to take into account that the IDF could strike again with even greater force. Experts say it is doubtful that people in these areas will be willing to absorb another blow.
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  • : Le blog de Gad
  • : Lessakele : déjouer les pièges de l'actualité Lessakele, verbe hébraïque qui signifie "déjouer" est un blog de commentaire libre d'une actualité disparate, visant à taquiner l'indépendance et l'esprit critique du lecteur et à lui prêter quelques clés de décrytage personnalisées.
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Magie de la langue hébraïque


A tous nos chers lecteurs.

 

Ne vous est-il jamais venu à l'esprit d'en savoir un peu plus sur le titre de ce blog ?

Puisque nous nous sommes aujourd'hui habillés de bleu, il conviendrait de rentrer plus a fond dans l'explication du mot lessakel.

En fait Lessakel n'est que la façon française de dire le mot léhasskil.

L'hébreu est une langue qui fonctionne en déclinant des racines.

Racines, bilitères, trilitères et quadrilitères.

La majorité d'entre elle sont trilitères.

Aussi Si Gad a souhaité appeler son site Lessakel, c'est parce qu'il souhaitait rendre hommage à l'intelligence.

Celle qui nous est demandée chaque jour.

La racine de l'intelligence est sé'hel שכל qui signifie l'intelligence pure.

De cette racine découlent plusieurs mots

Sé'hel > intelligence, esprit, raison, bon sens, prudence, mais aussi croiser

Léhasskil > Etre intelligent, cultivé, déjouer les pièges

Sé'hli > intelligent, mental, spirituel

Léhistakel > agir prudemment, être retenu et raisonnable, chercher à comprendre

Si'hloute > appréhension et compréhension

Haskala >  Instruction, culture, éducation

Lessa'hlen > rationaliser, intellectualiser

Heschkel > moralité

Si'htanout > rationalisme

Si'hloul > Amélioration, perfectionnement

 

Gageons que ce site puisse nous apporter quelques lumières.

Aschkel pour Lessakel.

 

 

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