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17 juin 2009 3 17 /06 /juin /2009 20:44
Publié le 16 juin 2009 à 21h10 | Mis à jour le 16 juin 2009 à 21h16
Le Hezbollah, une menace plus grande qu'Al Qaeda?
Le Hezbollah, une menace plus grande qu\'Al Qaeda?

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Michael Chertoff livre un discours à Ground Zero, en 2008, lors d'une cérémonie commémorant les attaques du 11 septembre 2001.

Photo: Bloomberg

Agence France-Presse
Washington

Le mouvement chiite Hezbollah pourrait constituer dans les années à venir une menace bien plus importante pour les Etats-Unis que le réseau terroriste Al Qaeda, prévient l'ancien secrétaire américain à la Sécurité intérieure Michael Chertoff dans un livre à paraître.

Celui qui a dirigé sous l'administration du président George W. Bush les efforts destinés à prévenir une attaque terroriste sur le sol américain du type de celle du 11 septembre 2001 estime que le Hezbollah est mieux équipé, mieux entraîné et dans une position politique bien meilleure que ne l'est Al Qaeda.

«Al Qaeda et son réseau constituent pour nous la menace immédiate la plus sérieuse, mais ils ne devraient pas être pour nous la menace la plus sérieuse à long terme», écrit M. Chertoff dans un livre à paraître en septembre et dont l'AFP s'est procuré une ébauche.

Le mouvement libanais, qui figure sur la liste américaine des organisations terroristes, «est opérationnel depuis plus d'un quart de siècle et a développé des capacités dont Al Qaeda peut seulement rêver, dont un important nombre de missiles et d'explosifs hautement sophistiqués», écrit M. Chertoff.

Selon lui, le mouvement soutenu notamment par l'Iran dispose de «membres uniformément bien entraînés et d'une force exceptionnellement bien disciplinée de près de 30 000 combattants, ainsi que d'une influence politique extraordinaire».

Selon l'ancien secrétaire américain à la Sécurité intérieure, le Hezbollah est derrière les attentats qui ont fait 200 morts parmi les Marines américains à Beyrouth en 1983 et derrière ceux qui ont fait plus de 20 morts en Arabie saoudite en 1996.

«Alors que le Hezbollah n'a pas mené d'attaques aux Etats-Unis mêmes, il a renforcé sa présence dans les pays occidentaux et en particulier en Amérique du Sud», selon Michael Chertoff, pour qui le mouvement est responsable des attentats contre des cibles israéliennes et juives à Buenos Aires dans les années 1990.

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G
Oui Kablan, pour Egypte-Soudan, comme Mohammad Hassan Akhtari est le patron de la branche Bahrein-Yémen et des tentatives de soulèvements dans ces régions. <br /> <br /> <br /> The Making of Hezbollah<br /> <br /> 18/05/2008<br /> <br /> By Manal Lutfi<br /> <br /> Tehran, Asharq Al-Awsat- Two fathers created the Lebanese Hezbollah Party. They were Ali Muhtashimi, the "godfather," former Iranian ambassador to Syria who came up with the idea and nurtured it in 1980s; and, Mohammad Hassan Akhtari, the 'operational father," the Iranian ambassador to Syria for the past 14 years, until last January.<br /> <br /> Akhtari took the new idea of a "Hezbollah party" and transformed it over the years of his service as ambassador into a reality that has considerably changed the balance of power in the region.<br /> <br /> Akhtari, twice ambassador to Syria, (1986 - 1997) and (2005 - January 2008), was the most influential diplomat in Syria. He was not an ordinary ambassador. In addition to being the "operational father" of Hezbollah, he was engineer of "the special relations" between Syria and Iran, coordinator of Iran's relations with Palestinian organizations in Damascus, and founder of the Palestinian-Iranian Friendship Society, which includes representatives from all Palestinian organizations in Damascus.<br /> <br /> The purpose of this was "bringing the Palestinian and Iranian people closer together." He is also president of "Ahil al-Bayt World Assembly" for preaching and spreading the Shia doctrine and bringing Islamic sects closer together. Ever since he returned to Tehran (January 2008), he has been working as adviser to the Supreme Spiritual Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, a position he used to occupy before being posted again as ambassador to Damascus. During his time as ambassador, the Iranian Embassy in Damascus became the most important Iranian embassy in the world. It represented something akin to a "regional centre" for Iran's diplomatic activities that extended from Damascus to Beirut and the Palestinian territories and became privy to files on several matters, chief of which was Iran's relations with Syria, Hezbollah, the Palestinian organizations and Shia scholarly religious circles in the world known in Arabic as "Al-Hawzat al-Ilmiyah." Akhtari's most important achievement was the building of Hezbollah from a mere idea to an establishment with political, economic, military, and social independence in the region.<br /> <br /> He supervised the building of Hezbollah, especially its military structure that was built by Iranian Revolutionary Guards specifically sent to Lebanon for this purpose by orders from the late Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini. Another no less important achievement was the building of a network of "special relationships" between Syria and Iran, without which Iran would not have been able to move as smoothly in Lebanon or with the Palestinian organizations. He succeeded in weaving all these threads together - Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, and the Palestinian organizations and formed what some have called an "Iranian carpet of complex and intertwined relations." Akhtari talks about the years of his work in Damascus and the missions he carried out in two capacities, as an ambassador and as a man of religion. Akhtari did not regard his work in Damascus and the missions with which he was entrusted from the very first day, as merely political activities, but as part of his role as a man of religion. He left his work as the imam at Samnan Mosque in northern Iran to become a diplomat with a religious mission, as he described himself in this extensive interview with Asharq-Al-Awsat in Tehran, the first of its kind with an Arab or foreign newspaper.<br /> <br /> His diplomatic language is a mixture of religious fiqh [jurisprudence] and political language. He did not study diplomatic and political sciences; he studied fiqh at a religious school in Qom and worked as a man of religion and a mosque imam. President of the Iranian Republic Ali Khamenei chose him to be Iran's ambassador in Damascus, at a time which Akhtari was described as "sensitive and difficult." Iran was at the time involved in the "war imposed by Iraq" as he put it. Syria was one of three Arab states that stood by Iran; two of which - Libya and Algeria, withdrew their support later on, while Syria alone remained with Iran. It was then Akhtari's job to ensure that this coalition, unlike the rapprochement with Libya and Algeria would not end. Because Iran did not have an ambassador in Beirut at the time and only had a chargé d'affairs, Akhtari was put in charge of the Lebanese file. And, because the Palestinian organizations in Damascus, Hamas and Islamic Jihad, were making Damascus a base, Akhtari became responsible for Iran's relations with the Palestinian organizations.<br /> <br /> Asharq Al-Awsat is publishing a series of articles about those decisive and fateful years of the 1980s that shaped relations in the region from that time to the present day. Hezbollah was established in those years, the special relationship between Iran and Syria was forged, as well as the relations between Tehran and the Palestinian organizations. The series includes testimonials from present and former public officials who were in the decision making circles at the time in Syria, Lebanon and Iran. Some of these testimonials will be published for the first time. It also includes eye witness accounts, from present and former Syrian and US public officials and Palestinian leaders in Damascus. The first part of the series is with Mohammed Hassan Akhtari, the "godfather" of Hezbollah, and former Iranian ambassador in Damascus. He talked about the three main files that dominated his 14 years in Damascus as ambassador. They were: building Hezbollah and the role of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards; the war between the Amal Movement and the Palestinian organizations; and then between Amal and Hezbollah. He also talked about the building of relations with Palestinian organizations; the relations between Syria and Iran, and the Ahil al-Bayt World Assembly, of which he has been secretary general for the past four years which he said, performs religious activities. The underlying philosophy that guided him through all these issues, he said, was based on the teachings of Ayatollah Khomeini. He revealed that between 1968 and 1972 he was instructed to perform religious activities in the Syrian cities of Homs and Aleppo, as well as Lebanon, implying that he was in contact with these countries for the past 40 years.<br /> <br /> The following is the text of the interview:<br /> <br /> [Asharq Al-Awsat] You returned to Iran early this year after 14 years as ambassador in Syria, could you tell us about your experiment in building Syrian-Iranian relations all those years?<br /> <br /> [Akhtari] First of all, I thank you for coming and for this meeting. I hope that through your paper, we will always continue to consolidate fraternal relations between Muslims, and between Arab and Islamic states. I feel very strongly about these relationships. I believe in, and am convinced of the need to unify the power and resources and realize the unity of the Islamic nation, and establish the defenses against the evil conspiracies plotted against the Arab and Islamic nations. It is probably due to this feeling of responsibility and belief that I succeeded in my work as ambassador to Syria to further consolidate the strong relations between Syria and Iran. I was twice ambassador to Syria. One period lasted about 12 years; the other was seven years later and lasted over two years. It is unusual for an ambassador to remain in one country for such a length of time, not in Syria or Iran anyway. Very few ambassadors in the world spend more than ten years in one country. We have heard of some, but they very seldom stay for 14 years. Continuity and length of time are evidence that I was doing well. I was posted to Syria at politically complex and difficult times on the regional and international level. My first appointment as ambassador was in 1986 during Saddam's imposed war on Iran and after Israel's invasion of Lebanon in 1982. There were also some important Lebanese issues. I can say the circumstances in Lebanon were particularly hot. It was under such circumstances that I was entrusted with the Lebanese file. I never worked as a government employee before my appointment as ambassador, I was new and so were most of the people in government in general.<br /> <br /> [Asharq Al-Awsat] Where were you before your appointment as ambassador to Syria?<br /> <br /> [Akhtari] I was a Friday prayer imam, and from there I came to a seat of political responsibility and diplomatic relations. My background was a good pointer for achievement. In addition, I arrived in Damascus on 5 Ramadan 1986, and started work next day. That was a blessing for me at the start of my work. But that month also, perhaps the 19th or 20th of Ramadan of that year, confrontations between the Palestinians and Amal Movement took place in Lebanon. The Islamic revolution did not have an ambassador in Lebanon. There was only a chargé d'affairs, so, I was entrusted with the Lebanese file as well. In my early days as ambassador, I was entrusted with all these issues, partly because of the importance of the file, partly because Syria had a military and security presence in Lebanon, and partly because all Palestinian organizations and their central commands were in Damascus. I was wholeheartedly involved in these matters. We started working toward a ceasefire in order to create the environment to reconcile the two Muslim factions, the Palestinians and the Amal Movement. There was at the time an attempt to provoke sectarian sedition like the war imposed on Iran by Saddam, in order to portray the issue as a sectarian matter between Shia and Sunni. The conspiracy that we see today has been continuing ever since. There were poisonous and hate
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J
C'était donc M.Kablan le "Maitre d'Oeuvres" !!
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G
Série noire pour les espions du Hezbollah<br /> <br /> La CIA et le Mossad multiplient les opérations contre les agents du Hezbollah hors du Liban, obligeant le mouvement chiite à réorganiser ses services extérieurs.<br /> <br /> Le 24 juin s'ouvrira à Bakou le procès pour espionnage des deux Libanais militants du Hezbollah, Ali Karaki et Ali Najmeddin. Les deux hommes ont été arrêtés en mai 2008 grâce à la coopération active des antennes azéries de la CIA et du Milli Istihbarat Teskilati turc. Ils sont accusés d'avoir recruté quatre agents locaux et loué des appartements dans les quartiers huppés de Bakou. Les services secrets azéris les soupçonnent d'avoir été envoyés en Azerbaïdjan pour préparer des actions contre les représentations américaines et israéliennes dans la capitale.<br /> <br /> Ce revers intervient après celui du Caire, où le Libanais Sami Chehab a été accusé le 8 avril d'avoir mis en place un réseau clandestin de 48 membres (IOL nº592). Selon nos informations, Chehab opérait en liaison avec Mohammed Kablan, responsable de la section Egypte-Soudan au sein du service des opérations extérieures du Hezbollah. Arrêté en novembre 2008 avec 22 de ses complices, Chehab pourrait être jugé cette semaine devant une cour de sûreté de l'Etat égyptien. Comme en Azerbaïdjan, plusieurs services étrangers ont participé au démantèlement de la cellule qu'il animait, notamment la CIA et le Mossad.<br /> <br /> Le 20 octobre 2008, la direction du Hezbollah avait été contrainte d'envoyer une lettre officielle à la représentation colombienne à Beyrouth pour nier tout lien avec Chekry Harb, Ali Mohamed Rahim et Zacaria Rahim, trois Libanais arrêtés peu de temps auparavant à Bogota et accusés d'animer un réseau international de trafic de cocaïne. L'enquête contre les trois hommes, qui auraient reversé 12% de leurs profits au Hezbollah, a été menée par la Drug Enforcement Agency américaine en liaison avec son homologue colombienne.<br /> <br /> Pour mettre fin à cette série de ratés, les services extérieurs, longtemps dirigés par Imad Mughniyeh, ont été placés le 20 mai sous la responsabilité de son gendre, Mustafa Badr al-Din. Ce dernier était jusqu'ici le chef militaire opérationnel du Hezbollah et le conseiller militaire de son secrétaire général, Hassan Nasrallah. Il sera secondé par Abdul-Hadi Hammadé, qui a commandé Position 71, l'une des unités spéciales du mouvement. Badr al-Din et Hammadé ont longtemps co-animé les services de contre-espionnage du Hezbollah.
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G
le Solana n'en est pas à sa première expérience ... lui aussi pufff
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A
restes en vie mon brave !!<br /> <br /> faut expliquer cela à La Finul par exemple qui les prend pour de pauvres ignares tirant des mulets dans les campagnes libanaises.<br /> <br /> En afrique, ou amérique du sud ou ...<br /> <br /> Et dire que pas plus tard que la semaine dernière le Solana, s'est tapé une petit soda bien frais a discuter avec un des responsables du 'hezb en syrie.<br /> La vermine de la vermine
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  • : Le blog de Gad
  • : Lessakele : déjouer les pièges de l'actualité Lessakele, verbe hébraïque qui signifie "déjouer" est un blog de commentaire libre d'une actualité disparate, visant à taquiner l'indépendance et l'esprit critique du lecteur et à lui prêter quelques clés de décrytage personnalisées.
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A tous nos chers lecteurs.

 

Ne vous est-il jamais venu à l'esprit d'en savoir un peu plus sur le titre de ce blog ?

Puisque nous nous sommes aujourd'hui habillés de bleu, il conviendrait de rentrer plus a fond dans l'explication du mot lessakel.

En fait Lessakel n'est que la façon française de dire le mot léhasskil.

L'hébreu est une langue qui fonctionne en déclinant des racines.

Racines, bilitères, trilitères et quadrilitères.

La majorité d'entre elle sont trilitères.

Aussi Si Gad a souhaité appeler son site Lessakel, c'est parce qu'il souhaitait rendre hommage à l'intelligence.

Celle qui nous est demandée chaque jour.

La racine de l'intelligence est sé'hel שכל qui signifie l'intelligence pure.

De cette racine découlent plusieurs mots

Sé'hel > intelligence, esprit, raison, bon sens, prudence, mais aussi croiser

Léhasskil > Etre intelligent, cultivé, déjouer les pièges

Sé'hli > intelligent, mental, spirituel

Léhistakel > agir prudemment, être retenu et raisonnable, chercher à comprendre

Si'hloute > appréhension et compréhension

Haskala >  Instruction, culture, éducation

Lessa'hlen > rationaliser, intellectualiser

Heschkel > moralité

Si'htanout > rationalisme

Si'hloul > Amélioration, perfectionnement

 

Gageons que ce site puisse nous apporter quelques lumières.

Aschkel pour Lessakel.

 

 

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