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26 mars 2008 3 26 /03 /mars /2008 17:55
IRAN - VENEZUELA : terrorisme bancaire

IRAN – VENEZUELA : terrorisme bancaire.


Le Département américain du Trésor vient d’ajouter la succursale vénézuélienne d’une banque iranienne sur la liste des institutions financières iraniennes liées au financement d’activités terroristes et de prolifération nucléaire. Selon le dernier rapport de la FINCEN américaine, le Banco Internacional de Desarrollo, un organisme bancaire iranien actif au Vénézuéla depuis septembre 2007, est lié au financement d’activités terroristes et de prolifération nucléaire. Rappelons qu’en 2006 l’Iran et le Vénézuéla ont conclu des projets conjoints pour un montant de 200 millions de dollars. Le rapport de la FINCEN américaine demande l’application de la résolution 1803 du Conseil de Sécurité de l’ONU qui a été votée le 3 mars dernier. La FINCEN américaine a répertorié 50 institutions financières iraniennes actives dans une douzaine de pays y compris le Vénézuéla. La congressiste américaine Ileana Ros-Lehtinen avait déjà demandé au Département d’Etat et au Département du Trésor d’enquêter sur les liens entre l’Iran et le Vénézuéla. Apparemment la congressiste a vu juste. Le Vénézuéla finira-t-il sur la même liste que l’Iran, la Syrie et autres Etats terroristes ?

Miguel Garroté

http://www.monde-info.blogspot.com
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25 mars 2008 2 25 /03 /mars /2008 11:24
Nasrallah affirme que les Israéliens connaîtront dans les jours à venir l’étendue de la stupidité qu’ils avaient commise en assassinant Maghnyah
25 mars 2008 - Cet article provient de Syrian Arab News Agency : SANA, Damascus Syria ...

Beyrouth / Le secrétaire général de Hezbollah, al-Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, a indiqué que la résistance libanaise poursuivait le renforcement de tous les éléments de la force pour défendre le Liban, son indépendance et sa souveraineté, ainsi que son action pour la libération des détenus dans les prisons israéliennes et de la terre libanaise encore occupée, affirmant que les négociations sur l’échange des détenus se poursuivaient.

Parlant à la cérémonie organisée cet après-midi à Beyrouth à l’occasion de la 40ème du martyr de Imad Maghnyah, l’un des grands dirigeants de la résistance libanaise, al-Sayyed Nasrallah a affirmé que les Israéliens connaîtraient dans les jours à venir l’étendue de la stupidité qu’ils avaient commise en assassinant Maghnyah.

Al-Sayyed Nasrallah s’en est pris à ceux qui jugeaient la résistance comme "option illogique", et l’esprit de sacrifice, de martyre et de défense de la dignité et de la patrie, comme "culture de mort", et qui parlaient d’état de panique, de terreur et de déplacement des zones sud-libanaises, affirmant que la guerre n’est plus une promenade pour Israël et qu’elle lui coûtera cher.

"Si les Israéliens sont inquiets, qu’ils le restent, et il faut qu’ils le restent. Les Israéliens devraient réaliser que notre sang ne serait pas versé sans prix et que ce sont nous qui choisiront le temps et le lieu du châtiment", a-t-il ajouté.

Al-Sayyed Nasrallah a souligné qu’Israël s’affaiblissait chaque jour davantage, évoquant son échec à gaza.

A propos du sommet de Damas, al-Sayyed a souhaité son succès, affirmant :"Nous tous nous regardons le sommet de Damas avec espérance pour trouver des solutions aux différentes questions arabes".

A propos de l’intérieur libanais, al-Sayyed a affirmé la résolution de l’opposition à tout faire pour sortir le pays de sa crise, insistant que tout ce que l’opposition réclame c’est la participation réelle au pouvoir et une loi électorale juste et équitable.

Gh.H.

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24 mars 2008 1 24 /03 /mars /2008 10:25

(Photograph)

A US soldier stands guard by a store damaged after a rocket landed in central Baghdad, Iraq on Sunday.
Hadi Mizban/AP
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Green Zone attack originated in Sadr City, say witnesses

Near miss of US Embassy Sunday fits pattern of conflict with Shiite militias.

A barrage of rockets hit the Green Zone – landing near the US Embassy – in Baghdad on Sunday morning.

The rockets appear to have been fired from the Shiite militia stronghold neighborhood of Sadr City in what observers see as further evidence that a cease-fire by the group loyal to cleric Moqtada al-Sadr may be unraveling.

Most of the rockets fell "really close" to the US Embassy that's located inside the heavily protected Green Zone, according to a diplomat who spoke on condition of anonymity because he's not authorized to speak to the media about the attack.

"Yes we confirm there was an IDF (indirect fire) attack in the Green Zone. There were no dead or major casualties," said US Embassy spokesperson Mirembe Nantongo. But she gave no further details. A US military spokesman also declined to comment on the rocket attack, which is the most significant in months. Following the attack, large plumes of black smoke were seen rising from the walled Green Zone, which also houses top Iraqi government officials.

Several witnesses in Sadr City say the rockets were launched from their area.

"I was sleeping on the rooftop and at about 6 a.m. I woke up to the sound of five rockets being launched from my area," says Amir Abdullah, adding that he was certain the rockets came from a part of Sadr City known as Sector 55.

Iraqi police quoted by Reuters said that at least eight people were killed when some of the rockets missed the Green Zone, falling in a residential neighborhood.

Another Baghdad resident, Ahmed Jalil, says that he fears stepped-up US raids against the Mahdi Army in Sadr City as a result of the rocket attacks.

Over the past two weeks fighting mainly between Iraqi forces and elements of the Shiite militia has flared in several parts of Baghdad and areas to the south of the capital.

US military spokesman Maj. Mark Cheadle says that Mr. Sadr's freeze on attacks continues and labeled those conducting acts of violence as "rebels," suggesting that they were rogue elements not obeying Sadr's orders. "Logic dictates that these groups cannot be part of his organization," says Major Cheadle.

Elsewhere, a suicide truck bomber killed 13 Iraqi soldiers and wounded 42, including civilians, in an attack on an Iraqi Army base in the northern city of Mosul, according to the Interior Ministry cited by Reuters.

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23 mars 2008 7 23 /03 /mars /2008 09:10
Iran : Un exilé iranien assassiné à Madrid
23.03.2008

Encore une fois, les exilés iraniens sont réduits à compter leurs morts. Jeudi, le jour de l’an persan (Nowrouz), Manouchehr Farhangui, éminent mécène zoroastrien habitant à Madrid, succomba aux blessures des coups de poignards qu’il venait de recevoir d’une personne non encore identifiée.

M. Farhangui, 82 ans, est le troisième zoroastrien assassiné de la sorte ces trois dernières années. Il partage cette sinistre liste avec M. Felfeli, assassiné également en Espagne, et M. Vafadari, poignardé à Paris. Outre leur religion, ces trois personnalités avaient en commun leur amour pour leur patrie, attesté par le mécénat des activités culturelles mettant en avant l’Iran préislamique (la Perse antique). De toute évidence, la vraie identité iranienne met en danger le chiisme des mollahs qui réagissent comme toujours sans tenue et mesure.

Récit des faits | Mardi soir, M. Farhangui se rendit à une soirée organisée à l’occasion de la fête du feu, célébrée par les iraniens le dernier mardi soir de l’année. Devant le stand tenu par l’ambassade des mollahs, il eut une altercation verbale avec une jeune femme islamiste. Le lendemain, une iranienne qu’il ne connaissait pas l’appela par téléphone et lui demanda son aide.

Au rendez-vous, en bas de chez lui, il a été plaqué au sol par une jeune femme de vingt-cinq ans à peu près qui sortit un poignard pour lui donner plusieurs coups dont l’un dans l’abdomen. L’agresseur prit la fuite avec le taxi qui l’avait emmené. Attendant son client loin de la scène du crime, le chauffeur du taxi n’aurait pas été témoin des faits. M. Farhangui fut transporté à l’hôpital, mais décéda lors de son opération chirurgicale. Néanmoins, avant de perdre connaissance, il eût le temps de donner ces quelques détails à un membre de sa famille qui nous les a communiqués. Ces renseignements ont été corroborés par le récit des témoins oculaires.

 

Lire la suite sur : http://www.iran-resist.org/article4326

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22 mars 2008 6 22 /03 /mars /2008 18:40
Al Seyassah : Liban / Vers un divorce entre la population du Sud et le Hezbollah ?
mardi 18 mars 2008 - 11h40
Logo MédiArabe.Info

Selon le quotidien koweïtien « Al Seyassah », des personnalités du Sud-Liban, dont des maires et des conseils municipaux, ont contacté d’anciens membres de l’Armée du Liban Sud (ALS), réfugiés en Israël, pour qu’ils interviennent auprès des autorités israéliennes en vue « d’épargner leurs localités », si l’Etat hébreu devait s’engager militairement contre le Hezbollah. En contrepartie, ajoute la même source, la population du Sud-Liban s’engage à « empêcher les combattants du Hezbollah et du Mouvement Amal de s’infiltrer vers leurs villages et de les utiliser pour combattre Israël ». Selon la même source, « les personnalités sudistes se sont engagées à informer Israël des entrepôts de missiles du Hezbollah et de dénoncer le parti chiite s’il tentait de transférer des armes vers le Sud du fleuve Litani ».

Bien que cette information ne soit pas encore confirmée, elle correspond à un sentiment de révolte, de plus en plus perceptible au sein de la population du Sud-Liban. Celle-ci s’estime « prise en otage entre l’enclume du Hezbollah et le marteau d’Israël ». Certains citoyens affirment en effet « avoir marre de servir de chair à canon » et réclament tout simplement le droit à vivre en paix...


 


 

Sur le plan logistique et sécuritaire, cela n'amoindrit pas pour autant les risques, si l'on en croit les rapports de Debkafiles : l'arsenal actuel du Hezbollah serait 3 fois et demi celui à disposition en début juillet 2006, démontrant s'il en est l'inanité et le fiasco total des forces fantômes de la FINUL et de la résolution qui justifie leur salaire, la 1701 :

Exclusive: Hizballah more than trebles rocket arsenal to 40,000

March 22, 2008, 10:38 PM (GMT+02:00)

New Iranian surface missiles delivered to Hizballah

New Iranian surface missiles delivered to Hizballah

Hizballah’s heavy armament will figure large in the talks US Vice President Dick Cheney is holding with Israeli leaders on the Iranian nuclear threat. Cheney arrived in Israel Saturday night, March 22, from talks with Saudi leaders.

DEBKAfile’s military sources disclose that Hizballah has built up its rocket arsenal to three and-a-half times its pre-2006 Lebanon War stocks. Some of the 40,000 rockets of Syrian and Iranian manufacture can hit Israel targets as far south as Beersheba, 350 km. away from the Shiite terror group’s launching pads north of Lebanon’s Litani River.

Not only has Tel Aviv come within range, but Hizballah and the Palestinian Hamas in Gaza can between them cover most of Israel except for its southernmost tip at Eilat. Using these two surrogates, Tehran can therefore make war on Israel and keep its hands clean.

And not only Iran. DEBKAfile’s military sources report the lion’s share of rockets smuggled to Hizballah in recent months are Syrian-made. Damascus has also shipped to Hizballah quantities of anti-air weapons, including shoulder-borne rockets and scores of Russian-made anti-aircraft ZSU-100 automatic 14.4 mm caliber cannon, which are most effective against low-flying aircraft, helicopters and drones.

All these issues will be discussed at length mainly during the US Vice President’s session with Israeli defense minister Ehud Barak.

On his arrival, Cheney pledged that his government would not pressure Israel to take steps that threatened its security.

"America's commitment to Israel's security is enduring and unshakable, as is Israel's right to protect itself always against terrorism, rocket attacks and other attacks from forces dedicated to Israel's destruction," Cheney told a joint news conference with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.


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22 mars 2008 6 22 /03 /mars /2008 18:33
Iranian shelling of northern Iraq continues
 
Sulaimaniya - Voices of Iraq

Saturday , 22 /03 /2008  Time 9:05:03

 

 
Sulaimaniya, Mar 22, (VOI) – The Iranian shelling of border areas in northern Iraq is ongoing but left no casualties, the chief of the border district of Zarawa said on Saturday.
"The Iranian artillery shells, which began on Wednesday, are targeting the villages of Rizka, Mardo, Shinawa, Sorkola, Basti, and Spikola of the Qalaat Daza border district, (160 km) northeast of Sulaimaniya. The attacks left no casualties but forcibly-displaced inhabitants of eight villages," Azad Wasso told Aswat al-Iraq – Voices of Iraq – (VOI).
"The Iranian army is shelling these areas under the pretext they harbor the PJAK fighters," Wasso added.
The PJAK, or the Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê (Party of Free Life of Kurdistan), is a militant Kurdish nationalist group based in northern Iraq that has been carrying out attacks in the Kurdistan Province of Iran and other Kurdish-inhabited areas.
PJAK is a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Confederation (Koma Civakên Kurdistan or KCK), which is an alliance of outlawed Kurdish groups and divisions lead by an elected Executive Council. The Kurdistan Workers Party (KK) listed as a terrorist organization internationally by a number of states and organizations including the United States, NATO and the EU, is also a member of KCK.
Led by Haji Ahmadi, the PJAK's objective is to establish a semiautonomous regional entities or Kurdish federal states in Iran, Turkey and Syria similar to the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq.
The PJAK, an Iranian Kurdish party that broke away from the PKK, or Partiya Karekeren Kurdistan in Kurdish, in 2004 after the imprisonment of PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan, has started its armed struggle against the regime in Iran with the aim of building a federacy for Iran's Kurdistan. The PJAK has about 3,000 armed militiamen.
Sualimaniya, one of the KRG's three cities, lies 364 km north of the Iraqi capital Baghdad.
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22 mars 2008 6 22 /03 /mars /2008 11:22
Signs of Iran's Hand in Iraq
Members of the Mahdi Army stand guard during a parade in Najaf.

 

http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1723301-2,00.html

One of the armor-piercing roadside bombs in Iraq has a nickname among the militants who place the device. They call it the Najadia, a short variation on the long name of Iran's president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. "My group and I believe honestly in fighting the Americans — and getting financial benefit out of it," says Hussein Ali, an Iraqi Shi'ite guerrilla who recounted a journey to Iran for training in explosives in an interview with TIME. "We became very professional in planting and using the mine called BMZ2, which is a Russian mine modified in Iran for use against the American armor.

Despite a drop in violence across Iraq, U.S. officials in Baghdad and Washington have kept up accusations against Iran, saying Tehran is involved in nothing less than training and funding a shadow army of Shi'ite militants set against U.S. forces in Iraq. In the face of these U.S. assertions, the Iraqi government publicly says it has no evidence of an Iranian training program for Iraqi militants. "We don't have the proof that the American have," says Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh. "Normally the intelligence information the Americans have is not allowed to circulate." The issue was also not discussed, al-Dabbagh says, in official talks during Ahmadinejad's recent visit to Baghdad, where the Iranian leader enjoyed a warm reception that reflected deepening ties between Iran and Iraq. Iran has offered unflinching denials of subversive and anti-U.S. activity in Iraq.

For months, a range of U.S. officials in Baghdad have repeatedly aired allegations against Iran in public while offering almost no convincing proof, arguing that doing so would reveal classified information. Military officials in Iraq have told TIME that militia fighters in U.S. custody have admitted to training in Iran during interrogations but refuse to give further details. However, recent interviews by TIME with Iraqi militants who recounted visits to Iran for training largely (though not perfectly) fit patterns described by American officials in Baghdad and Washington regarding Tehran's role.

According to U.S. claims, Iraqi recruits from the Mahdi Army of Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr and other militias have traveled in groups numbering between 20 and 60 to Iran in a training program organized by the Quds Force that dates back to 2004. Handlers from the Quds Force, an elite paramilitary wing of the Iranian army, allegedly transport recruits to training camps near Tehran.

Ali, whose name is an alias, told TIME that there were indeed cells of fighters drawn from the ranks of the Mahdi Army who are now operating essentially at the behest of handlers and financiers with links to Iranian intelligence services. "They are gangs working under the name of Mahdi Army," says Ali, who joined the Mahdi Army in 2004. "The real Mahdi Army has nothing to do with them."

U.S. military officials view such cells as rogue elements of the Mahdi Army, making them viable targets of attack despite the prevailing cease-fire declared by Sadr. But the lines between Sadr's militiamen and Iranian-backed operatives who emerge from those ranks are blurry at best in the murky world of Iraq's guerrilla movement. Ali, himself a mainline Mahdi member, says he was taken to Iran for training and, in fact, continues to receive financial support from operatives linked to Iranian intelligence. During his interview with TIME, he did not discuss whether his Mahdi Army superiors knew any of this.

Once inside Iran, U.S. officials say, Iraqi volunteers hone skills needed to use armor-piercing roadside bombs, mortars and rockets against targets in Iraq. U.S. officials say, in addition, that Quds Force trainers, working at times apparently with experienced instructors from the Lebanese militia Hizballah, also instruct Iraqi recruits in intelligence techniques, sniper shooting and kidnapping operations before transporting them back across the border. Once in Iraq again, militants who have undergone Iranian training reportedly form cells that U.S. officials now refer to as "special groups." These cells, say U.S. officials, continue to receive funds, weapons and direction from the Quds Force as they mount attacks in Iraq against American troops.

Ali's own training in Iran came in late 2005, when he says he and a group of roughly 14 other Iraqis drove to the southern city of Amarah, near the Iranian border. Everything had been arranged through contacts in Syria and Lebanon, where he and his group had fled for a time trying to avoid capture by American forces. According to Ali, a convoy of new sport utility vehicles with drivers speaking only broken Arabic was waiting for them in Amarah. Soon the group was on the road east for a five-hour drive. The destination was an Iranian training facility, where instructors told the recruits not to speak to anyone but them. "We saw a lot of really strange people, a lot of men wearing very long beards," Ali says.

Ali and four others were given training in advanced explosives with both lectures and hands-on practice. The course was done in 45 days. At the end, a handler talked to each of them separately and gave them a phone number to call in Iraq. Ali was given $10,000 in cash, he said, with a handler telling him the money was meant to support his efforts.

"I was shocked," says Ali, who sat for an interview with TIME on the southern outskirts of Baghdad. "I never dreamed I would hold $10,000 in my hands." The starter money, however, was only a "drop in the sea." Ali says he continues to phone for funds with the contacts he made in Iran and that his group has conducted two successful roadside bomb attacks against American forces operating north of Baghdad.

Another Shi'ite guerrilla fighter interviewed by TIME offered a similar account, though he considered his group nationalist rather than sectarian. Says Abu Mohammed of his trainers in Iran: "They all speak perfect Arabic with a Lebanese accent. But we found out when we asked that they are either Quds Force or Iranian intelligence." Mohammed and his group, however, later lost interest in attacking coalition troops and eventually parted ways with their Iranian handlers.

Last fall, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Crocker suggested that Iran may be lessening its militant activities in Iraq. He pointed to the cease-fire by Sadr, speculating that Iran may have had a hand in convincing the Shi'a warlord to take that approach. Crocker noted that rocket attacks against the Green Zone had dropped and wondered aloud whether Tehran was being suddenly more cooperative in Iraq.

Now, however, most of that talk has fallen away. Gen. David Petraeus recently made a point of saying publicly that Iran continues to train Iraqi militants. "These are individuals with considerable skill who can train other individuals in Iraq," said Petraeus, who spoke to reporters as he toured a border post in southern Iraq facing Iran. "It is a very unhelpful addition to the mix. We call it a lethal accelerant to a situation in Iraq that already has enough challenges."

TIME's staff in Iraq contributed to this article

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21 mars 2008 5 21 /03 /mars /2008 20:56

 

Bracing for a New Hizballah-Israel War
Hizballah fighters hold their party flags as they attend a rally in the Shiite suburb of Beirut, Lebanon baer

On a recent afternoon I was walking down Hamra, Beirut's old main shopping area, when a car pulled up alongside of me and the driver asked how I liked Lebanon. The place is still thriving, the snow-capped peaks, not a cloud in the sky, the shops full of the latest stylish clothes. It was fantastic, of course.

"Enjoy it while you can," he answered. "It won't be here next month."

What will replace it, nearly everyone in Beirut speculated to me, is the resumption of the Hizballah-Israel war that ravaged Lebanon in the summer of 2006. Some Lebanese even have a precise date for it: April 6 — the day Israel's biggest emergency drill ever starts, when they believe the Israeli Defense Forces juggernaut will roll across the border to finish the job they should have during the 34-day conflict. Although, mind you, there's not a thread of evidence that the Israelis are really going to invade.

Everyone I met in Beirut confirmed that Hizballah is locked and loaded for the next war. They didn't need any additional proof, but when the USS Cole showed up off the coast of Lebanon it was all the more proof that the United States and Israel were coming to get them.

I experienced the siege mentality firsthand when I passed by Hizballah's "media office" in Beirut's southern suburbs to see if I could photograph the grave of its most recent "martyr," Imad Mughniyah — the Hizballah military commander assassinated in Damascus on February 12. It shouldn't have been a big deal: Mughniyah's pictures line the road from the airport into town. But the lady who ran the office looked at us as if we personally had detonated the car bomb that killed him.

Just as we were about to be shown to the door, I made one last plea, something about Mughniyah being Hizballah's field general, and surely there shouldn't be a problem. "There are thousands more like him," she said, turning her laser eyes on me as if to say, don't even think that one death made a difference to Hizballah's Islamic Resistance.

Ironically, for anyone who doesn't spend his day following Lebanese politics, an Israeli invasion is exactly what Hizballah wants. A war with Israel would keep Hizballah from losing its resistance mantle, and prevent it from getting caught up in what one of Hizballah's leader Hassan Nasrallah's political interlocutors told me would be Hizballah's worst nightmare — a civil war. A civil war would draw Hizballah into a fight with the Christians and the Sunnis; it would be just another faction with its own parochial interests, the end of Hizballah's special place in Lebanese society.

Hizballah has said publicly that it holds Israel responsible for Mughniyah's assassination. But the same Nasrallah lieutenant stressed, "Do not count on Hizballah taking revenge against Israel anytime soon." "They will take their time, years if necessary. They will, yes. But Hizballah is not an impetuous organization. It will not give its enemies a chance to divert it from the war against Israel."

Whether Hizballah takes its revenge for Mughniyah or not, the average Lebanese is preparing for the worst. The price of a Kalashnikov in the thriving black market has nearly tripled in recent weeks to $1,200.

Robert Baer, a former CIA field officer assigned to the Middle East, is TIME.com's intelligence columnist and the author of See No Evil and, most recently, the novel Blow the House Down
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21 mars 2008 5 21 /03 /mars /2008 18:41

 

Study: Iran Indoctrinating Children in Islamic Supremacism

By ELI LAKE
Staff Reporter of the Sun
March 19, 2008

WASHINGTON — A new Freedom House study of Iranian textbooks finds that the Islamic Republic is teaching its children to embrace Islamic supremacism, preparing them to enter a political system that discriminates against women and non-Muslims.

The study, "Discrimination and Intolerance in Iran's Textbooks," is the most comprehensive to date of Iran's textbooks, analyzing 95 compulsory textbooks for grades one to 11. The main author of the study, Saeed Paivandi, is a sociologist at Paris-8 University and one of the few Western scholars to specialize in Iran's post-revolutionary education system.

"The discourse of the textbooks has not been written with the concept of equality of all human beings, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights," the study concludes. "In the textbooks' reasoning, human beings cannot be equal with one another on this earth, in the same way that, on the day of reckoning, they will be subject to divine judgment for their identity and actions. The trend, based on the clear and official negation of the equality of human beings, created different positions for the various people in society. Some individuals are born first-class citizens, due to their identity, gender, and way of thinking, while others become second- and third-class citizens. Those who are excluded from the inside are victims of this discriminatory system."

That system inside Iran has led to a raft of laws that prohibit non-Muslims from holding high government and military posts, enforce a quota of non-Muslims allowed to matriculate at universities, and require non-Muslim shopkeepers to designate their stores as such. But the lessons of Islamic supremacism also applies to Iran's foreign policy, which the American government says is to support terrorist groups throughout the Middle East. For example, the Islamic culture religious studies textbook for eighth-grade instructs, "Defensive jihad is incumbent upon every one, the young and the old, men and women, everyone, absolutely everyone, must take part in this sacred battle, fight to the best of his or her abilities or assist our fighters."

A seventh-grade textbook on the same subject says: "By taking note of the guidance and instructions provided by Islam, every Muslim youth must strike fear in the hearts of the enemies of God and their people through combat-readiness and skillful target shooting. He must always be ready to defend his country, honor, and faith and use all his capabilities and power in this endeavor. After the victory of the revolution, His Holiness Imam Khomeini, the deceased leader of the Islamic revolution, issued an order for the establishment of the basij (paramilitary group) for the oppressed."

The report places the present school curriculum in Iran in the context of the country's ancient tradition of religious Muslim schools but finds major differences between the two. Iran's modern school curriculum, for example, teaches secular topics such as science and political history, while the Khomeinist doctrine of the state runs through these subjects, as well. On lessons on world history, the textbooks emphasize a unity with fellow Islamic republics.

The textbooks also enforce a strict view that women should be at home raising children. A 10th-grade textbook for religion and life says, "A mother whose husband earns sufficient income cannot say, 'My job demands that I leave my child at the day care center every day,' and, in this way deprive her child from her constant love and attention."

While the textbooks recognize other religious groups in Iran, including Jews, they refer to followers of the Bahai faith as members of a cult.

The Freedom House study is not the first review of Iranian textbooks. Last year a Jerusalem-based think tank, the Institute for Monitoring Peace and Cultural Tolerance in School Education, did its own review, which concluded that Iran was preparing children to become radical martyrs. The Freedom House study takes a broader approach to the textbooks, but it also finds that martyrdom is encouraged in grades one through 11.

"In the Farsi textbooks of Grades 1 through 11, 31 lessons discuss martyrdom and death for the sake of religious or political beliefs. These lessons are mostly biographies or autobiographies of important religious figures of the past, including soldiers and officers of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution and the basij (paramilitary group)," the Freedom House study says.

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21 mars 2008 5 21 /03 /mars /2008 17:18
Friday, March 21, 2008


Iranian Economy Unwisely Helped by Germany

March 21, 2008
Human Events
Douglas Stone



Beginning with Bismarck’s creation of modern Germany, when it comes to moral choices and obligations to the rest of the world, Germany never seems to get it right: Taking a chunk out of France in 1870 to consolidate the Reich; blundering the world into the hecatombs of World War I; and, delivering a holocaust in World War II. And now, yet again, by helping to sustain an Iranian regime attempting to acquire nuclear weapons. Even as Chancellor Merkel stands before Israel’s Knesset to tut tut her concern over the mullahs, Germany isn’t even taking the least costly steps to help keep Iran from achieving its nuclear ambitions.

Among the Western industrial powers, no country is more enthusiastic than Germany about trading with Iran and supplying it with the advanced goods crucial to its economy. Whether a German boycott of Iran would finally force Iran to respect demands for a shutdown of its nuclear efforts is unclear; what is clear is that without Germany adhering to tough sanctions there cannot be sufficient pressure on the Iranians to modify their behavior.

Germany is Iran’s second largest source of foreign goods and services. Iran imports close to $6 billiion worth annually, products that might otherwise be unavailable given that other advanced Western countries -- most prominently the U.S. but also Britain and more recently France -- are increasingly putting the squeeze on the Mullahocracy.

One might have thought that given Germany’s history it would also feel a special moral obligation to cut off trade with the modern Hitler in Teheran threatening the state of Israel. But a tin ear and alligator tears are another special German export.

Following the war, Germany made reparations to Holocaust survivors and continue to pay lip service to their regret for the horror of Nazism. In that they had no choice: it was the price of rejoining the international community following the War. But 60 years later, when there is no clear return for commercial and political circumspection they are unwilling to give up their lucrative trade with Iran.

While it is true that exports declined by 18% in the first half of ’07, they had increased from approximately $5B in ’04 to $5.7B in 2006. Still, this trade is a mere drop in the bucket of a multi-trillion dollar German economy that could easily be given up without ill effect to the economy as a whole, or to the vast majority of the something like 1,700 firms doing business with Iran.

Understandable reticence makes it a bit unclear precisely which German companies are selling to Iran; at very least among them are well known companies like Siemens; BASF; the civil engineering firm Bilfinger Berger; and Helm, the chemical concern. German companies sell such crucial technology as locomotives, gas turbines, and water purification and power generation equipment.

Perhaps more important, according to a recent article in the official German government publication, Deutsche Welle online, 75% of small- and mid-sized Iranian companies use German technology. But whether the products are banking services, huge turbines or the software for the cash register at a kabab joint, there is reason to believe that these are products without which the Iranian economy might suffer grievous damage.

Could a cynical and amoral Russia or China replace Germany as a supplier? Perhaps. But if so, they probably would have largely done so already: They are more congenial politically, prices would probably be lower and, most crucially, given increasing pressure on Germany to restrict trade, Russia and China offer better assurance of long term supply.

While there are a few hopeful signs such as decreased German government export credit guarantees and increasingly attenuated relations with German banks, members of the UN Security Council and Germany recently could only agree to extremely modest additional sanctions.

But harsher UN-endorsed sanctions might be unnecessary if the Germans finally did the right thing and observed the program increasingly adhered to by their allies. That is, if the Germans operated within the moral economy outlined in Merkel’s speech to the Knesset this past Tuesday. According to the Chancellor, “Especially in this place, I emphasize: Every German government and every chancellor before me was committed to the special responsibility Germany has for Israel's security.” She went on to say that “This historic responsibility is part of my country's fundamental policy. It means that for me, as a German chancellor, Israel's security is non-negotiable.”

Apparently not. As recently as late last year the Chamber of Commerce of Darmstadt, a city in western Germany, sponsored a conference on German-Iranian trade. According to The New York Times, Rolf Weitowitz, a representative of the German Office for Foreign Trade, told exporters gathered to discuss “market opportunities” that Iran was eager to buy the kinds of capital goods in which Germany specializes.

The Chamber’s Deputy Director, Axel Scheer, was quoted in The Times as justifying the meeting as “an obligation to explain to German companies the risk of doing business there.” He went on to say that “We’re not trying to support weapons sales to Iran. This is not a political organization.”

The world hasn’t heard that much doubletalk since the last time Dominique de Villepin addressed the U.N. But de V. is a French annoyance, not a German problem. And German trade with Iran continues apace.

President Bush once said that if the Iranians develop nuclear weapons it may result in World War III. But even without the hat trick of responsibility for three World Wars, if the Germans don’t desist from the high tech trade that helps to maintain the Iranian economy, they may well end up morally responsible for helping the Iranian regime develop nuclear weapons -- and tragically and ironically responsible for helping finish the work of destroying the Jews.

Now is the time for the Germans to finally do the right thing toward the civilized world that nurtures and protects them. And if once again they can’t get it right on their own, it should be up to the Western World -- once again led by the United States -- to force them to get it right.

Douglas Stone is a lawyer with a background in American history and government. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the Center for Security Policy.

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  • : Lessakele : déjouer les pièges de l'actualité Lessakele, verbe hébraïque qui signifie "déjouer" est un blog de commentaire libre d'une actualité disparate, visant à taquiner l'indépendance et l'esprit critique du lecteur et à lui prêter quelques clés de décrytage personnalisées.
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Magie de la langue hébraïque


A tous nos chers lecteurs.

 

Ne vous est-il jamais venu à l'esprit d'en savoir un peu plus sur le titre de ce blog ?

Puisque nous nous sommes aujourd'hui habillés de bleu, il conviendrait de rentrer plus a fond dans l'explication du mot lessakel.

En fait Lessakel n'est que la façon française de dire le mot léhasskil.

L'hébreu est une langue qui fonctionne en déclinant des racines.

Racines, bilitères, trilitères et quadrilitères.

La majorité d'entre elle sont trilitères.

Aussi Si Gad a souhaité appeler son site Lessakel, c'est parce qu'il souhaitait rendre hommage à l'intelligence.

Celle qui nous est demandée chaque jour.

La racine de l'intelligence est sé'hel שכל qui signifie l'intelligence pure.

De cette racine découlent plusieurs mots

Sé'hel > intelligence, esprit, raison, bon sens, prudence, mais aussi croiser

Léhasskil > Etre intelligent, cultivé, déjouer les pièges

Sé'hli > intelligent, mental, spirituel

Léhistakel > agir prudemment, être retenu et raisonnable, chercher à comprendre

Si'hloute > appréhension et compréhension

Haskala >  Instruction, culture, éducation

Lessa'hlen > rationaliser, intellectualiser

Heschkel > moralité

Si'htanout > rationalisme

Si'hloul > Amélioration, perfectionnement

 

Gageons que ce site puisse nous apporter quelques lumières.

Aschkel pour Lessakel.

 

 

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