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8 novembre 2008 6 08 /11 /novembre /2008 18:56
Al Arabiya : Terrorisme / Nouveau bombardement américain à la frontière entre la Syrie et l’Irak
vendredi 7 novembre 2008 - 17h45
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Des hélicoptères américains ont bombardé et détruit, ce vendredi, un véhicule transportant des terroristes en provenance de la Syrie, peu de temps après avoir franchi la frontière avec l’Irak, dans le nord du pays (district de Dihok). Deux des quatre passagers ont été tués sur le coup, les deux autres ont été blessés et capturés.

Selon les autorités locales au Kurdistan irakien, ce raid prouve que les américains sont déterminés à user de leur fermeté avec la Syrie, qui utilise le terrorisme pour empêcher toute stabilisation en Irak. Rappelons que le préfet de Mossoul avait reconnu, cette semaine, avoir conseillé aux Américains de frapper le terrorisme à la base, s’ils veulent vraiment lutter contre la violence en Irak. Il leur a suggéré de bombarder les bases-arrières des terroristes en Syrie. Ces propos justifient le raid de Bou Kamal, mené fin octobre dernier.

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8 novembre 2008 6 08 /11 /novembre /2008 10:24
Iraqi troops kill senior al Qaeda in Iraq leader

Abu Ghazwan. Image is from an Iraqi wanted poster.

Iraqi troops scored a blow against al Qaeda in Iraq's network during a series of operations in the Tarmiyah region. Iraqi soldiers, backed by the local Sons of Iraq and US troops, killed Abu Ghazwan, a senior al Qaeda in Iraq leader, during a shootout.

Ghazwan was killed after the joint forces were sweeping a region near Tarmiyah that was thought to contain weapons caches and was a location of enemy activity. The Iraqi and US forces were attacked with small arms fire and an land mine as they searched a location. Iraq troops returned fire and later found Ghazwan dead.

Ghazwan, whose real name is Saad Ismael Abdul Salah al Hiyali, was a senior al Qaeda leader in the regions north of Baghdad in Salahadin and northern Baghdad province. He was a direct associate of al Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Ayyub al Masri.

In 2006 and 2007, Ghazwan led al Qaeda's efforts to take control of Baghdad. He commanded the "northern Baghdad belt," one of four regions surrounding the capital. Al Qaeda used these belts to control access to Baghdad and funnel money, weapons, car bombs, and fighters into the city. Al Qaeda also attempted to strangle the US helicopter air lanes by emplacing anti-aircraft cells along known routes.

The US military learned of al Qaeda's plans for Baghdad's belts after finding a crude map on the body of Abu Musab al Zarqawi, al Qaeda's leader who was killed by US forces in Baqubah in June 2006.

The map of the Baghdad belts, found by US forces on Abu Musab al Zarqawi's body in June, 2006.

The US military and Iraqi forces methodically attacked each of the belt regions during 2007, lifting the siege of Baghdad and crippling al Qaeda's ability to launch massive car and truck bomb attacks that killed scores of Iraqis per attack.

As the leader of the northern Baghdad belt, Ghazwan commanded numerous al Qaeda cells in the Taji and Tarmiyah regions. Some of these cells were responsible for the recruitment and training of female and child suicide bombers. He also "advised and financed other terrorist cells throughout northern Iraq," Multinational Forces Iraq reported.

Ghazwan's group was known as the "Ghazwan Network." This network "is known to commit robberies, kidnappings, murder, and is responsible for the Sept. 6, 2006 attack against a British Contractor convoy near Tarmiyah," the US military said.

The US military has been hunting the Ghazwan and his network for well over a year. In September 0f 2007, US forces killed Abu Bakr, Ghazwan's second in command. Bakr was described as "the gatekeeper for access to Abu Ghazwan himself." In November of 2007, US forces killed Tha’ir Malik, Ghazwan's subordinate and the emir of Tarmiyah.

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5 novembre 2008 3 05 /11 /novembre /2008 15:08

Décodage du "S.U.R.G.E" pour :

S : Sécurité

U : Unité

R : Réconciliation

G : Gouvernement

E : Excellence dans l'Exécution

Lessons of the Surge
By Michael O'Hanlon
Washington Times | Wednesday, November 05, 2008


Many Americans and Iraqis think of the recent surge in Iraq as simply the temporary addition of more U.S. troops to the war effort in 2007 and the first half of 2008. This is incorrect. It is also dangerous.

Partly because they misunderstand the true nature of the surge, many American and Iraqi political leaders now seem to want American forces out of Iraq as fast as possible. Iraqi leaders also now seem unwilling to accept a reasonable Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) to govern the actions of U.S. troops in their country after the current U.N. Security Council mandate expires at the end of the year.

In fact, the basic logic of the surge continues - and must continue - even now that the increase in U.S. combat formations in Iraq has come to an end. At its core, the surge has been about cooperatively protecting the Iraqi civilian population. This is the central point policymakers in Baghdad, Washington and other capitals around the world need to appreciate.

At the risk of falling victim to Pentagonese, I would propose we broaden our understanding of the surge by thinking of that word as an acronym. Gen. David Petraeus' strategy has been a remarkable success, reducing the rate of violence by more than 80 percent in Iraq over the last two years while also helping spark the beginnings of a process of political reconciliation. It took far more than the simple addition of 30,000 American troops, on top of the 140,000 already there when the surge began, to make this happen. So instead of surge, think SURGE:

The "S" in surge should be understood as an emphasis on security. This is, as noted, the centerpiece of the strategy. Protecting the Iraqi civilian population has been essential to restore trust in government and trust across sectarian lines, to rekindle hopefulness about the country's future, and restore some degree of normalcy in daily life. In practical terms, among other things it has meant setting up joint security stations across Iraq in the country's urban centers to live and work near vulnerable populations. Increased troop totals have been just part of the story.

"U" stands for unity of effort (as an assistant of Gen. Petraeus' suggested to me). It means Iraqis, Americans and others working collaboratively toward a common purpose. It has led to Americans and Iraqis living together in the joint security stations and patrolling and when necessary fighting together in Iraq's toughest neighborhoods. It has also led to development of a campaign plan that is gradually passing more and more responsibility to Iraqis for all aspects of their country's governance.

"R" must stand for reconciliation. This has been an absolutely crucial aspect of the progress in Iraq since 2007. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has purged many Shia extremist leaders that he considered irreconcilable, and replaced them in many cases with former Ba'athists (most Sunni) with whom he thought he could work. Iraqi and American leaders convinced Muqtada al-Sadr to agree to a cease-fire; the United States also launched the so-called Sons of Iraq program, paying some of the very same tribesmen (generally Sunni) who had been part of the insurgency a couple years ago to cooperate with us in providing security.

More progress is needed here, given Mr. al-Maliki's concerns about the loyalties of some Sons of Iraq and various key pieces of key legislation not yet agreed to. But the trends have been good.

"G" stands for government capacity in Iraq. As a key example, while American forces surged by 30,000 in 2007, Iraqi security forces have grown by some 200,000 over the last two years. They now total more than half a million personnel. This year's remarkable additional progress in improving security, even as U.S. forces have declined in country, has been possible only because indigenous forces have performed so well - a track record of which all Iraqis can be proud.

"E" stands for excellence in execution. Doing counterinsurgency and stabilization missions correctly is very hard, requiring excellent troop training and leadership at all levels of command.

Not only Americans, but Iraqis need to bear in mind the true logic of the surge. Having been offered a SOFA deal that grants them legal jurisdiction over foreign contractors, that increases advance consultations on sensitive military operations, that provides more jurisdiction over certain types of crimes committed by American GIs than developing-country governments usually obtain, they continue to insist on better terms even at the risk of sending U.S. forces home prematurely.

In so doing, they are failing to remember the importance of several of the above precepts, starting with the fact that the "U" in surge stands for unity of effort, "R" stands for a reconciliation process they have hardly yet completed among themselves, and "E" stands for excellence that U.S. troops themselves arguably did not fully attain in Iraq until 2007-08.

Whatever the SOFA ultimately says, Iraqis can always ask us to leave at any point, and we will leave - just as the United States has done in the Philippines, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in modern times. But they should think twice before doing so.

Once gone, it is unlikely we would be willing to come back. Iraqi brinkmanship over the SOFA is no longer just a nettlesome worry for Washington; it is becoming a risky and irresponsible gamble that could soon jeopardize their nation's future stability.

Michael O'Hanlon is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.
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31 octobre 2008 5 31 /10 /octobre /2008 16:43
Al Arabiya : Raid américain en Syrie / Damas suspend ses contacts avec l’Irak
jeudi 30 octobre 2008 - 17h13
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Selon le correspondant de la télévision « Al Arabiya », la Syrie aurait décidé de limiter les contacts sécuritaires avec l’Irak, dans le cadre du comité mixte. La même source croit également savoir que la Syrie a aussi réduit sa présence militaire sur sa frontière avec l’Irak. [NDLR : cette mesure pourrait signifier aux terroristes que la Syrie lève le bras et ferme les yeux, leur laissant la totale liberté de transiter à travers cette frontière. Il s’agit ainsi de la riposte syrienne au raid américain de dimanche dernier à Bou Kamal].

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29 octobre 2008 3 29 /10 /octobre /2008 13:40
Iraqi forces detain 180 "suspects" during Basrah raids

Iraqi security forces conducted a massive sweep throughout Basrah province Tuesday. Iraqi Army and police units detained 180 "suspects," including a Pakistani national, and found several large weapons caches, during the operations.

Forty-four suspected insurgents were detained, including a Pakistani man, while entering Iraq "illegally through Safwan border road, 60 km west [of] Basrah," the Basrah media office told Voices of Iraq. Operations outside of Basrah netted additional 136 isuspects.

The Pakistani man was likely an al Qaeda operative. Safwan is in southeastern Basrah, right on the border with Kuwait. While most al Qaeda operatives pass through Syria or Iran, the transit through Kuwait, while uncommon, does occur.

Al Qaeda has an active support network in Kuwait. Some of the senior most al Qaeda leaders, including Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the architect of the Sept. 11 attacks; Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, an al Qaeda spokesman; Omar Farouq, a senior al Qaeda operative; Ramzi Yousef, a planner behind the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.

The affiliation of the rest of the captured men was not given, but are likely members of the Mahdi Army. The Iraqi military is often circumspect about the detention of Mahdi Army fighters.

The Mahdi Army has been active in Basrah until Iraqi forces launched an operation in March to clear the city and wider province from the Iranian-backed militia. More than 3,000 Mahdi Army leaders and operatives are said to have fled to Iran to regroup, and are believed to be infiltrating back into Iraq.

Targeting Qods Force inside Iraq

Prior to today's sweep in Basrah, Iraqi security forces captured an "Iranian infiltrator" in province's Shatt al Arab region, Voices of Iraq reported. While not stated, the Iranian is a member of the Ramazan Corps, the command created by Qods Force, the elite special operations branch of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps. Qods Force has established the Ramazan Corps to direct operations inside Iraq, and has been working to undermine Iraq's security and political environment.

Iraqi forces have now captured nine Iranian agents and killed one since Oct. 18. One Iranian was killed and another was captured during a clash with Iraqi forces in Al Kut in Wasit province on Oct. 24. Iraqi police captured three armed Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps officers in Al Kut on Oct. 20. Border guards captured four more Iranian agents in Mandali in Diyala province.

Prior to this week, only a handful of Iranian operatives, along with a Lebanese Hezbollah leader, have been reported captured inside Iraq. The US military believes Iran is ramping up operations inside Iraq after losing ground during the Iraqi offensive during the spring and summer of 2008.

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28 octobre 2008 2 28 /10 /octobre /2008 17:40
US strike in Syria "decapitated" al Qaeda's facilitation network

Al Qaeda leader Abu Ghadiya was killed in yesterday's strike inside Syria, a senior US military intelligence official told The Long War Journal. But US special operations forces also inflicted a major blow to al Qaeda's foreign fighter network based in Syria. The entire senior leadership of Ghadiya's network was also killed in the raid, the official stated.

Ghadiya was the leader of al Qaeda extensive network that funnels foreign fighters, weapons, and cash from Syria into Iraq along the entire length of the Syrian border. Ghadiya was first identified as the target of the raid inside Syria late last night here at The Long War Journal. The Associated Press reported Ghadiya was killed in the raid earlier today.

Several US helicopters entered the town of town of Sukkariya near Abu Kamal in eastern Syria, just five miles from the Iraqi border. US commandos from the hunter-killer teams of Task Force 88 assaulted the buildings sheltering Ghadiya and his staff.

The Syrian government has protested the attack, describing it as an act of "criminal and terrorist aggression" carried out by the US. The Syrian government claimed eight civilians, including women and children, were killed in the strike. But a journalist from The Associated Press who attended the funeral said that only the bodies of seven men were displayed.

The US official said there were more killed in the raid than is being reported. "There are more than public numbers [in the Syrian press] are saying, those reported killed were the Syrian locals that worked with al Qaeda," the official told The Long War Journal. "There were non-Syrian al Qaeda operatives killed as well."

Those killed include Ghadiya's brother and two cousins. "They also were part of the senior leadership," the official stated. "They're dead. We've decapitated the network." Others killed during the raid were not identified.

The strike is thought to have a major impact on al Qaeda's operations inside Syria. Al Qaeda's ability to control the vast group of local "Syrian coordinators" who directly help al Qaeda recruits and operatives enter Iraq has been "crippled."

Ghadiya's staff

The identity of Ghadiya and several members of his senior staff have been known since February 2008 when the US Treasury identified Ghadiya, his brother, and his two cousins as members of the network. The US Treasury department publicly designated Ghadiya, his brother, Akram Turki Hishan Al Mazidih, and his two cousins, Ghazy Fezza Hishan Al Mazidih and Saddah Jaylut Al Marsumis as senior members of al Qaeda's foreign facilitation network.

Ghadiya, whose real name is Badran Turki Hishan Al Mazidih, was an Iraqi from Mosul. He was working as an al Qaeda logistics coordinator in Syria since 2004, when he was appointed to the position by Abu Musab al Zarqawi. After Zarqawi's death, he "took orders directly, or through a deputy" from Abu Ayyub al Masri, al Qaeda's current leader in Iraq,

Ghazy Was Ghadiya's "right-hand man," the Treasury stated. "As second-in-command, Ghazy worked directly with [Ghadiya], managed network operations, and acted as the commander for [Ghadiya's] AQI [al Qaeda in Iraq] network when [Ghadiya] traveled."

Akram directed al Qaeda operations along with Ghadiya in the Al Qaim region right on the border with Syria. He smuggled weapons from Syria into Iraq, and ordered "the execution of AQI's enemies," Treasury stated. "Akram also ordered the execution of all persons found to be working with the Iraqi Government or US Forces."

Marsumi was an al Qaeda financier who "facilitated the financing and smuggling of AQI foreign fighters from Syria into Iraq." He helped Syrian suicide bombers enter Iraq, and also wired hundreds of thousands of dollars to Ghadiya to facilitate operations.

All four men lived openly inside Syria. The US Treasury identified Ghadiya, Ghazy, and Akram as living in Zabadani. Marsumi lived in the village of Al Shajlah.

A senior US general and the Iraqi spokesmen both noted that al Qaeda leaders were openly living inside Syria, and the Syrian government did nothing to shut down the network.

"The attacked area was the scene of activities of terrorist groups operating from Syria against Iraq," Ali al Dabbagh, Iraq's spokesman told Reuters. "Iraq had asked Syria to hand over this group which uses Syria as a base for its terrorist activities."

Major General John Kelly, the commander of Multinational Force - West, described Syria as "problematic" during a briefing on Oct. 23. "The Iraqi security forces and the Iraqi intelligence forces feel that al Qaeda operatives and others operate, live pretty openly on the Syrian side," Kelly said. "

Background on al Qaeda's Syrian facilitation network

Syria has long been a haven for al Qaeda as well as Baathists who fled the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. Terrorists and insurgents took advantage of the long, desolate, and unsecured border, which stretches more than 460 miles along Iraq's western provinces of Anbar, Ninewa, and Dohuk.

At the height of the Iraqi insurgency, an estimated 100 to 150 foreign fighters poured into Iraq from Syria each month. Operations in Anbar and Ninewa have pushed that number down to 20 infiltrators a month, according to the US military.

Wanted insurgent leaders, such as Mishan al Jabouri, openly live in Syria. Jabouri, a former member of the Iraqi parliament, fled to Syria after being charged with corruption for embezzling government funds and for supporting al Qaeda. From Syria Jabouri ran Al Zawraa, a satellite television station that aired al Qaeda and Islamic Army of Iraq propaganda videos showing attacks against US and Iraqi forces.

Al Qaeda established a network of operatives inside Syria to move foreign fighters, weapons, and cash to support its terror activities inside Iraq. An al Qaeda manual detailed ways to infiltrate Iraq via Syria. The manual, titled The New Road to Mesopotamia, was written by a jihadi named Al Muhajir Al Islami, and discovered in the summer of 2005.

The Iraqi-Syrian border was broken down into four sectors: the Habur crossing near Zakhu in the north; the Tal Kujik and Sinjar border crossings west of Mosul; the Al Qaim entry point in western Anbar; and the southern crossing at Al Tanf west of Rutbah near the Jordanian border. Islami claimed the Al Tanf and Habur crossing points were too dangerous to use, and Al Qaim was the preferred route into Iraq.

The US military learned a great deal about al Qaeda's network inside Syria after a key operative was killed in September of 2007. US forces killed Muthanna, the regional commander of al Qaeda's network in the Sinjar region.

During the operation, US forces found numerous documents and electronic files that detailed "the larger al-Qaeda effort to organize, coordinate, and transport foreign terrorists into Iraq and other places," Major General Kevin Bergner, the former spokesman for Multinational Forces Iraq, said in October 2007.

Bergner said several of the documents found with Muthanna included a list of 500 al Qaeda fighters from "a range of foreign countries that included Libya, Morocco, Syria, Algeria, Oman, Yemen, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Belgium, France and the United Kingdom."

Other documents found in Muthanna's possession included a "pledge of a martyr," which is signed by foreign fighters inside Syria, and an expense report. The pledge said the suicide bomber must provide a photograph and surrender their passport. It also stated the recruit must enroll in a "security course" in Syria. The expense report was tallied in US dollars, Syrian lira, and Iraqi dinars, and included items such as clothing, food, fuel, mobile phone cards, weapons, salaries, "sheep purchased," furniture, spare parts for vehicles, and other items.

The Combating Terrorism Center at West Point later conducted a detailed study of the "Sinjar Records," which was published in July 2008. The study showed that al Qaeda had an extensive network in Syria and the Syrian government has allowed their activities to continue.

"The Syrian government has willingly ignored, and possibly abetted, foreign fighters headed to Iraq," the study concluded. "Concerned about possible military action against the Syrian regime, it opted to support insurgents and terrorists wreaking havoc in Iraq."

Al Qaeda established multiple networks of "Syrian Coordinators" that "work primarily with fighters from specific countries, and likely with specific Coordinators in fighters’ home countries," according to the study. The Syrian city of Dayr al Zawr serves as a vital logistical hub and a transit point for al Qaeda recruits and operatives heading to Iraq.

A vast majority of the fighters entering Iraq from Sinjar served as suicide bombers. The Combating Terrorism Center at West Point estimated that 75 percent conducted suicide attacks inside Iraq.

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26 octobre 2008 7 26 /10 /octobre /2008 23:54

07:33 Syrie : le raid américain à la frontière irakienne visait les membres d'un réseau proche d'Al-Qaïda. Un responsable sécuritaire américain, a confirmé la frappe aérienne qui a fait 8 morts dimanche. Les 4 hélicoptères de combat ont attaqué les membres d'un réseau introduisant des terroristes d'Afrique du Nord en Syrie, où l'armée coopère avec Al-Qaïda et d'autres organisations.  (Guysen.International.News)

Washington frappe à huit kilomètres des frontières

Raid américain en Syrie : Damas convoque les chargés d’affaires américain et irakien pour protester

Le raid aurait visé un camp d’entrainement de terroristes en partance pour l’Irak

dimanche 26 octobre 2008 - 21h13, par Mediarabe.info

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Alors que Damas a confirmé que le bombardement américain a visé des civils, en dévoilant leur identité, le site libanais "Now Lebanon" affirme que le raid américain a visé un camp où s’entraînaient des terroristes, avant de passer en Irak.

Selon « Now Lebanon », l’opération héliportée de l’armée américaine en Syrie a eu lieu à huit kilomètres à l’intérieur du territoire syrien, contre des cellules terroristes entraînées en Syrie avant de rejoindre le théâtre irakien.

Selon la même source, le haut officier syrien Jameh Jameh, qui avait servi au Liban jusqu’au retrait syrien (avril 2005) consécutif à l’assassinat de Rafic Hariri (et qui avait été interrogé par la Commission d’enquête internationale pour son rôle dans cet assassinat), a été récemment promu et nommé responsable de la sécurité de la région visée par le raid américain (Deir Ez-Zor).

Selon Zouhair Ibrahim, correspondant de la télévision « Al Arabiya » à Damas, souligne ce soir que Damas a reconnu l’attaque américaine, et affirme qu’elle a fait huit morts, tous des civils. Le ministère syrien des Affaires étrangères a convoqué les chargés d’affaires américain et irakien, en poste à Damas, pour protester contre cette agression. La Syrie s’en prend violemment à l’administration américaine, responsable de cette attaque, et à Bagdad, puisque les appareils américains ont utilisé le territoire irakien pour mener leur opération.


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26 octobre 2008 7 26 /10 /octobre /2008 20:53
Syria: US helicopters attack Syrian village

Syrian official confirms state TV reports saying US military helicopters raided Hwijeh village near Iraqi border, US troops stormed a building in area. Israel denies involvement

US helicopter (Archives) Photo: Reuters

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DEBKAfile’s military sources report previous US strikes on Syrian soil in 2004 and 2005 targeting al Qaeda exit points to Iraq. These attacks were discontinued for three years. Sunday’s operation was an extension of the US-Iraqi offensive to purge the northern Iraqi town of Mosul and their northern Syria havens of al Qaeda elements, the last two strong bastions the jihadists still retain in the region.

Al Qaeda fighters captured by the US military in and around Mosul in recent days revealed that the flow of arms, fighters, cash and explosives from Syria to Iraq continues unabated. This, notwithstanding Syrian foreign minister Walid Muallem’s assurance to US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice that Damascus had halted this traffic when they met in New York in September. The US military struck after catching Syria back at the game in breach of its pledge.

Syria: US conducted cross-border raid

Syrian officials claim the US military conducted a cross-border raid into Syria from Iraqi territory.

The raid was reportedly carried out in the town of Sukkariya near Abu Kamal in eastern Syria. According to witnesses, four US helicopters crossed the border and two of the helicopters landed to drop off special operations forces.

Syrian television claimed nine people were killed and 14 were wounded during the raid. Syria claimed of those killed and wounded were construction workers.

The raid occurred close to the main border crossing point between Iraq and Syria. Al Qaeda declared an Islamic Emirate in Al Qaim right along the Iraqi border during the spring of 2005. Al Qaeda terrorized the local tribes and attempted to institute a Taliban-like rule. Al Qaim was the main infiltration route into Iraq until US Marines and Iraqi troops launched a campaign to dislodge al Qaeda from the region.

The US has neither confirmed nor denied the operation took place. If the attack occurred, it would have been carried out by Task Force 88, the special operations hunt-killer teams assigned to target al Qaeda operatives as well as Shia terrorists in Iraq.

The US has shied away from conducting strikes inside Syria in the past. If confirmed this would be the first such strike inside Syria since the US invaded Iraq in March of 2003.

Syria has sheltered Iraqi insurgents and foreign al Qaeda fighters, and allowed the groups to run camps inside the country. Syria also facilitates the movement of foreign fighters into the country and across the border into Iraq.

If the raid occurred, the US military must have detected a senior member of al Qaeda in Iraq in the region. Abu Ayyub al Masri, the leader of al Qaeda in Iraq, is reported to have left the country earlier this year after the terror group lost its sanctuaries in Diyala province.

The US military may be closing in on al Qaeda’s senior leadership. US forces killed Abu Qaswarah, al Qaeda in Iraq's second in command, during a raid in Mosul in northern Iraq on Oct. 15. The military has also killed and captured numerous al Qaeda leader and couriers over the past several weeks. The information obtained during these raids help to paint a picture of al Qaeda’s command structure inside of of Iraq as well as in neighboring countries.

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Latest Update:  10.26.08, 20:40 / Israel News

An official Syrian spokesman confirmed reports by the country's state-run television and witnesses, who said that four US military helicopters attacked an area along Syria's border with Iraq, killing eight people and wounding at least five.


SANA's report quoted unnamed Syrian officials and said the area is near the Syrian border town of Abu Kamal. It later added that US soldiers stormed a building during the aerial raid. 


Local residents told The Associated Press by telephone that two helicopters carrying US soldiers raided Hwijeh village, 17 kilometers inside Syria's border, killing seven people and wounding five others. One of the witnesses said five of the dead were from a single family.



The US Military in Baghdad had no immediate comment, and a senior Israeli security official told Ynet that Israel was not involved in the alleged attack. Israeli intelligence sources postulated that the attack targeted al-Qaeda agents.


US attacks on terror hubs are not an uncommon occurrence in Iraq, but it is the first time such an onslaught has taken place in Syria.


The area is near the Iraqi border city of Qaim, which had been a major crossing point for fighters, weapons and money coming into Iraq to fuel the Sunni insurgency. Iraqi insurgents seized Qaim in April 2005, forcing US Marines to recapture the town the following month in heavy fighting.


The area became secure only after Sunni tribes in Anbar turned against al-Qaeda in late 2006 and joined forces with the Americans. 


Hanan Greenberg contributed to this report

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22 octobre 2008 3 22 /10 /octobre /2008 18:59

MEMRI    Middle East Media Research Institute

Dépêche spéciale n° 2090


« La honte de Mossoul »


Ces dernières semaines, les chrétiens de la province de Nineveh, dans le Nord de l’Irak, on été la cible d’une brutale campagne d’assassinats, d’expulsions et de démolitions de maisons, incitant des milliers de familles chrétiennes à fuir le centre de Mossoul pour les banlieues et les villages au Nord de la ville. Des sources chrétiennes et autres accusent Al-Qaïda d’être derrière cette campagne de persécution. Certains affirment que ces persécutions sont une réaction à la demande des chrétiens de rétablir l’article 50 de la loi électorale provinciale, qui assure aux minorités des sièges aux conseils provinciaux. (1)


Le gouvernement irakien a condamné la persécution des chrétiens, promettant de les défendre et d’arrêter les « groupes terroristes » responsables (2). L’arrestation de nombreux individus soupçonnés  d’être impliqués dans les crimes a également été rapportée, sans information sur les organisations auxquelles ils appartiennent. (3) Le député irakien Osama Al-Najifi, de la Liste nationale irakienne, a affirmé qu’il s’agissait de Kurdes persécutant les autres groupes ethniques dans le but de « kurdiciser » la région. (4)


Dans un article du quotidien irakien Al-Ahali, daté du 15 octobre, le Dr. Hussein Sinjari, Kurde irakien libéral et président de l´ONG Tolerancy International, dénonce l’expulsion des chrétiens de Mossoul. Extraits : (5)


 « Les habitants de Mossoul ont permis aux mollahs et prédicateurs du vendredi de donner des interprétations fascistes des textes religieux… et d’appeler au djihad et au martyre. »


« Encore une fois, les criminels de Mossoul visent les chrétiens. Une fois encore, les mollahs demeurent silencieux – et beaucoup d’entre eux encouragent ouvertement les musulmans à tuer, dans leurs sermons du vendredi et leurs exhortations religieuses… »


« Mossoul était une ville florissante économiquement et culturellement car ses minorités l’étaient aussi. Désormais laissons les habitants de Mossoul, connus pour être attentifs à leurs intérêts, contempler ce qu´est devenue leur grande cité. Pourquoi est-elle tombée en ruines ?... »


« [C´est arrivé quand les habitants de Mossoul ont accepté] des fatwas tragicomiques, comme celle exhortant à tuer Mickey Mouse, ou la fatwa interdisant aux restaurants de servir des tomates et des concombres sur la même assiette car les concombres sont masculins et les tomates féminines, et les deux sexes doivent être séparés pour ne pas conduire au péché ; ou la fatwa stipulant que les chèvres doivent être habillées afin que soient recouverts leurs organes génitaux. C´est ainsi que les habitants de Mossoul ont creusé la tombe de leur ville. »


« Avant que la mort de Mossoul – en tant que ville et civilisation – ne soit annoncée au monde entier, les habitants de Mossoul eux-mêmes doivent refuser ce déshonneur – leur déshonneur – en repoussant les mollahs du terrorisme, les idéologues du fascisme islamique. Car tel est leur véritable intérêt. »


"Les êtres humains perdent leur humanité… quand ils deviennent complices du crime à travers leur silence"


« Les êtres humains perdent une grande part de leur humanité quand ils deviennent complices du crime à travers leur silence, et quand ils ne respectent et n’acceptent pas l’’autre’ minoritaire. »


« L’Irak sans ses chrétiens et ses minorités est un Irak condamné à se flétrir. Le Tigre et l’Euphrate s’assècheront. L’Irak mourra dans le déshonneur. »


« Nous ne laisserons pas notre bel Irak mourir : la terre des deux fleuves, la terre de Mésopotamie, d’Assyrie, de Babylone, d’Akkad, de Médée et de Ninive. »


« Ainsi, les habitants de Mossoul et le gouvernement doivent coopérer et se rassembler contre les fascistes criminels, obscurantistes et terroristes, dépourvus de toute conscience humaine ; ils doivent les frapper et les éradiquer de notre belle ville… »


« [Les habitants de Mossoul doivent] s’élever pour défendre les chrétiens »


« [Ils doivent] s’élever pour défendre les chrétiens, pour l’Irak, pour Mossoul, pour l’ancienne Ninive, pour les minorités, pour l’humanité, pour la tolérance, pour la démocratie, pour que les femmes, les enfants, les hommes puissent [vivre conformément aux] Droits de l´Homme ; ils doivent s’élever pour protéger la science, les arts, la beauté, la justice et le plaisir de vivre. »


« Les habitants de Mossoul doivent, avant tout chose, s’élever pour eux-mêmes et repousser le déshonneur : ils doivent refuser le crime de cette [nouvelle] campagne d’Anfal contre les chrétiens. » (6)



(1)   Al-Mada, Irak, 11 octobre 2008 ; Al-Sabah, Irak, 15 octobre 2008


(2)   Al-Sabah, Irak, 12 octobre 2008


(3)   Al-Mada, et Al-Sabah, Irak, 17 octobre 2008


(4)   Al-Sabah, Irak, 17 octobre 2008


(5)   Al-Ahali, Irak, 15 octobre 2008


(6)   La campagne d’Anfal fut conduite par le régime de Saddam Hussein contre les peshmergas et les civils kurdes dans les années 1980, conduisant à la mort de dizaines de milliers de personnes et à de larges destructions. Le nom de cette opération fut tiré de la sourate coranique Al-Anfal 8, qui inclut des versets consacrés à la lutte contre les infidèles.

Lire : http://www.memri.org/bin/latestnews.cgi?ID=SD209008

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21 octobre 2008 2 21 /10 /octobre /2008 00:32
Iraqi forces detain seven Iranian agents in Iraq

Iraqi police and border guards have arrested seven members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards Corps since Oct 18. The arrests come as the senior US commander in Iraq accused Iran of attempting to bribe Iraqi members of parliament to vote against the status of forces agreement that will allow US forces to remain in Iraq past 2008.

Iraqi police captured three armed Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps officers today in the city of Al Kut in Wasit province, a police official told Voices of Iraq. "Three Iraqi Revolutionary Guards along with their guide were detained on the border region between Iraq and Iran in eastern Wasit after entering Iraq illegally," said Police Major Aziz Latief al Imara. "The forces seized amounts of ammunitions found in their possession."

On Oct. 18, Iraqi border guards captured four more members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps in the Mandali district in Diyala province. "A force from the 4th contingent of the Iraqi border brigade in Diyala province arrested last night four members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard inside the Iraqi territories," an anonymous official told Voices of Iraq. "The four were in military uniform with guns in their possession and were moving within the Iraqi territories."

The seven Iranians were likely members of Qods Force, the elite special operations branch of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps. The unit reports directly to Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader.

Qods Force has supported various Shia militias and terror groups inside Iraq, including the Mahdi Army, which it helped build along the same lines as Lebanese Hezbollah. Iran denies the charges, but captive Shia terrorists admit to being recruited by Iranian agents, and then transported into Iran for training.

Iran established the Ramazan Corps immediately after the fall of Saddam Hussein's regime to direct operations inside Iraq. The US military says Iran and Lebanese Hezbollah have helped establish, fund, train, and arm, and have provided operational support for Shia terror groups such as the Hezbollah Brigades and the League of the Righteous. The US military refers to these groups as well as the Iranian-backed elements of the Mahdi Army as the "Special Groups." These groups train in camps inside Iran.

US and Iraqi forces have captured several high-level Qods Force officers inside Iraq since late 2006. Among those captured are Mahmud Farhadi, one of the three Iranian regional commanders in the Ramazan Corps; Ali Mussa Daqduq, a senior Lebanese Hezbollah operative; Qais Qazali, the leader of the Qazali Network; and Azhar al Dulaimi, one of Qazali's senior tactical commanders. The US has imposed sanctions on Major General Ahmad Foruzandeh, the former Qods Force commander, and Abdul Reza Shahlai, a deputy commander in Iran's Qods Force, for backing Shia terror groups inside Iraq.

Iraqi and Coalition forces have maintained the pressure on the Iranian-backed terror groups operating inside Iraq during the month of October. Two Iranian-trained Special Groups fighters have been killed and fifty-six have been captured during since Oct. 1, according to numbers compiled by The Long War Journal. Thirty-three have been captured since Oct. 13.

Eleven of those captured were members of the Hezbollah Brigades. The Hezbollah Brigades is an Iranian-backed terror group that has been behind multiple roadside bombings and rocket attacks against US and Iraqi forces in Baghdad. The group films these attacks and posts them on the internet. More than 40 Hezbollah Brigades operatives have been captured since the beginning of August. The group is estimated at having several hundred members.

For more information on Iran’s involvement in supporting the Shia terror groups in Iraq, see:

Iranian Qods Force Agents Detained in Irbil Raid,
Jan. 14, 2007
The Karbala attack and the IRGC,
Jan. 26, 2007
Iran, Hezbollah train Iraqi Shia "Secret Cells",
July 2, 2007
Surging in Wasit Province,
Sept. 18, 2007
Captured Iranian Qods Force officer a regional commander in Iraq,
Oct. 3, 2007
Iran's Ramazan Corps and the ratlines into Iraq,
Dec. 5, 2007
Sadr forms new unit to attack US forces,
June 13, 2008
Sadrist movement withdraws from political process,
June 15, 2008
Mahdi Army decimated during recent fighting,
June 26, 2008
Iraqi forces detain Sadrist leaders, uncover Special Groups headquarters in Amarah,
July 2, 2008
US sanctions Iranian general for aiding Iraqi terror groups
Sept. 16, 2008
US, Iraq step up operations against Iranian terror groups
Sept. 27, 2008

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  • : Le blog de Gad
  • : Lessakele : déjouer les pièges de l'actualité Lessakele, verbe hébraïque qui signifie "déjouer" est un blog de commentaire libre d'une actualité disparate, visant à taquiner l'indépendance et l'esprit critique du lecteur et à lui prêter quelques clés de décrytage personnalisées.
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A tous nos chers lecteurs.


Ne vous est-il jamais venu à l'esprit d'en savoir un peu plus sur le titre de ce blog ?

Puisque nous nous sommes aujourd'hui habillés de bleu, il conviendrait de rentrer plus a fond dans l'explication du mot lessakel.

En fait Lessakel n'est que la façon française de dire le mot léhasskil.

L'hébreu est une langue qui fonctionne en déclinant des racines.

Racines, bilitères, trilitères et quadrilitères.

La majorité d'entre elle sont trilitères.

Aussi Si Gad a souhaité appeler son site Lessakel, c'est parce qu'il souhaitait rendre hommage à l'intelligence.

Celle qui nous est demandée chaque jour.

La racine de l'intelligence est sé'hel שכל qui signifie l'intelligence pure.

De cette racine découlent plusieurs mots

Sé'hel > intelligence, esprit, raison, bon sens, prudence, mais aussi croiser

Léhasskil > Etre intelligent, cultivé, déjouer les pièges

Sé'hli > intelligent, mental, spirituel

Léhistakel > agir prudemment, être retenu et raisonnable, chercher à comprendre

Si'hloute > appréhension et compréhension

Haskala >  Instruction, culture, éducation

Lessa'hlen > rationaliser, intellectualiser

Heschkel > moralité

Si'htanout > rationalisme

Si'hloul > Amélioration, perfectionnement


Gageons que ce site puisse nous apporter quelques lumières.

Aschkel pour Lessakel.



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